To keep you up to scratch
September, 1943 Vol. 2 No. 7
We Visit Our Sub-Assembly and Detail Shops . . . Pages 3-6
Speed the Victory
5th Victory Loan
Oct. 18, 1943
Published Monthly by De Havilland Aircraft of Canada, Limited
E. H. Featherstonhaugh, Acting Editor-in-Chief
Douglas Higgins, Advisory
Joe Holliday, Photography
Norm Bell, Layouts
Duncan Mitchell, Art
Millie Smith, Department News
Jack Dane, Sports
“On the beam”
Our First Mosquito Reaches Great Britain
THE FOLLOWING cable was received from Hatfield recently : -
“This was our first crossing in a Canadian built aircraft and though we figure on a few bugs when new type is handed over to Atlantic Ferry, there are none to report in Mosquito stop trip of 3280 nautical miles from factory to factory via Greenland and Iceland to check ground services and was the best crossing of the five we have each done in various types stop on this route engines mean everything and smoothness of these Packard Merlins was eye opener to one who was not flown in line engine since his Tiger Moth days in 1941 at High River School, Alberta stop Mosquito has good cold climate performance with easy starting stop tell Bailey were able obtain good sextant shots on sun stop Mosquito named New Glasgow had equally trouble free crossing with American crew stop parent company mighty pleased with workmanship and finish especially cowling stop one quick glance at England and newspapers leaves no doubt that all possible Canadian Mosquitos have unique job waiting for them at numerous hotly defended German targets where bomber that outpaces fastest fighter scores time after time stop Berlin now feeling Mosquito stings nightly so YOU TURN THEM OUT and WE WILL DELIVER THEM for you.” Pilot, Flying Officer J. G. Uren of Sioux Lookout, Navigator, Flying Officer R. C. Bevington of 334 Hillsdale Avenue, Toronto stop.
Distinguished Visitors to D-H on Aug. 24th were:
Air Chief Marshal Sir Frederick Bowhill, A.O.C.-in-C. R.A.F. T.C., London, England.
Air Commodore Griffith J. (Taffy) Powell, S.A.S.O. No. 45 (Atlantic Tr.) Group, R.A.F. T.C., Montreal Airport, Dorval, Que. J. P. Bickell, President of Victory Aircraft.
Wing Commander McDougall (U.K.). Squadron Leader Coventry, C.F.I. Service (Montreal).
F/O R. C. Bevington, 334 Hillsdale Ave., Toronto, Navigator, and P/O G. J. Uren, of Sioux Lookout, Pilot, shown in England with the “Acton” at Hatfield, England. It is hoped the name “Acton” will soon be changed to “Action”. Without hat, side-face, Mr. R. E. Bishop, Chief D-H Designer is shown greeting the arrival of the first Canadian built “Mosquito” Bomber. As the Pilot says above: YOU TURN ‘EM OUT - WE WILL DELIVER THEM!
These hand-picked members of the U.S. Army Air Force from Peterson Field, Colo., shown in the above photo, visited de Havilland recently and spent a short stay under the supervision of our Service Department, studying the Mosquito. They later proceeded to Trenton Airport for further training. They are: (Back row) PFC Robert Dowd (Carthage, N.C.), PFC Sam Helms (Monroe, N.C.), PFC Bill Byrd (Kannapolis, N.C.); (front row) PFC Ernest Alberty (Mooresville, N.C.), PFC Jesse Crawford (Jacksonville, Fla.), PFC Everett L. Barbee (Kannapolis, N.C.).
On behalf of every member of D-H Canada staff, The Mosquito expresses its deepest sympathy to the English Company and to the families of the Pilots and Observers, who lost their lives in the unfortunate accident near London, Tuesday, the 24th of August. At the time of writing the only definite name known here is that of John de Havilland, youngest son of Captain and Mrs. de Havilland, and brother of Geoffrey and Peter. This is the first break in their family. Few of us will ever know the extent to which such men as John de Havilland have contributed to the advancement of aviation in their daily job of experimental test flying. Although his death at this time is a very great loss it does seem fitting that he should have given his life in the interest of that particular branch of science to which Captain de Havilland and his entire family have contributed so much.
We visit our SUB ASSEMBLIES and DETAIL SHOPS
OUR TRIP takes us through 20 departments, each dependent on the other and all striving for the best kind of D-H team play.
It is 7.00 o’clock in the morning when we park our car and start mingling with the incoming crowd. Far off to the east, like a glamping ball of translucent orange, the sun is rising and our walking figures cast long, deep shadows in the morning light (see cover photo).
After punching the clock with a left hook, we begin in the Stores Building, the domain of Dave McDonald, head of Receiving and Raw Materials Stores. Huge stocks of material are received here under the eagle eyes of Horace Luddington and Johnnie Francis. You find yourself surrounded by neat rows of bins, loaded with bolts, screws, washers, parts, components, etc., of aviation. Down a labyrinth of passages we discover countless piles of sheet plywood, aluminum, alclad, spools of wire, tubing, bar stock, sheets of fibre, tires and tubes, and all the bits and pieces that go to make a famous bomber. This huge stock of raw materials is handled by Al Curran - all other materials, except commercial, by Alex McNaughton. George Cook superintends the warehousing and A. W. Bert Evans is “Keeper of the Records.”
Let’s follow the Raw Materials into the departments, where they are fashioned or fabricated into vital aircraft components. After flashing our identification “passport” to the guard at Plant 1 entrance, we come into the WELDING DEPARTMENT and meet the head man, William Dicks. A mixed battery of welders, male and female, are studiously “Carrying the Torch,” silently bending over forms and jigs which stand out like blackened skeletons in a forest of oxygen tubes and pipes hanging overhead. These constitute the engine mounts, bomb crates, manifolds, canopy tops, and numerous smaller fittings which shortly will assume a lifelike form. From Welding Shop emanate jigs and fixtures for departments all over the Plant with Howard Lane and Frank Bradley maintaining the eternal vigilance of quality workmanship.
With the acrid odour of welding flux in our nostrils, we wend our way towards TANKS DEPARTMENT where Olli Maheu’s crew perform delicate aluminum welding and carry out the highly important job of tank-testing. Stacked on shelves are fires of bullet-shaped external wing tanks and shells which go to make up the fuel capacity of the Mosquito, such as long range standard oil tanks, and No. 3 gas tanks. This is the hospital for all cowlings and sheet metal work for overhaul section. To these benches come AA priority sheet metal assignments from Test Flight. Bending over a girl welder’s shoulder we see Al Burgess who, with Carles Gillan, guides the work forward.
Through the passageway, we catch a glimpse of the Tank Department Annex, where we meet Crawford Byders of COUPE TOPS. Like a row of jewels standing in a window, canopy tops covered with plexiglass sheeting, gleam in the dim light. They are being built for the bomber and the fighter. Those bulbous domes, trimmed with aluminum strips, are the plastic perspex noses, which add such a pugnacious snoutish appearance to the Mosquito’s streamlined fuselage. They have an artistic side in this department as the brain trust trio of John Marley, Bill Poole and Thomas Dobbs will testify. Coupe Tops made the beautiful plastic bases used on Mosquito models.
In passing the splicers’ bench, we wave a greeting to Bob Bell and his fellow-comrades, whose nimble fingers weave the intricate splices for the control calves and whose handiwork would put even the sailor to shame.
Nearing the WOODSHOP area we spot Ed. Salmon and Jack Leithwood conversing. Upstairs the high-pitched crescendo of saws and wood-working machinery pierces the atmosphere. These men are proud of their trade. It is one of the oldest in the world, and
today, in view of the Mosquito’s wooden construction, it ranks high in importance. Plywood-covered fins are built here along with tail cone fairings, cockpit floors, dinghy stowage boxes, hinge covers and numerous bakelite parts ranging from clamp blocks to instrument panels. Patterns for Drop Hammer and Sheet Metal departments, jigs and forms (also for Pipe Shop) are built with infinite skill and to a machined degree of accuracy. These men are a versatile crew capable of custom built office files, accessories, sample parts for sub-contractors, shaper jigs and are qualified hand labourers of the first order. Their output is wisely supervised by John Lemick, Albert Pow, William Wheller and Earl Nield.
Hidden behind large Mosquito motor cowlings, stacked like wallboards, we come to a section of SHEET METAL DEPARTMENT. Sheet Metal Department’s 500 or more employees constitute our plant’s largest division. Herb Bennett, Alec Hughes and Merv. Cudmore control this beehive of industry, which is but a sectional unit of its Bay 3 parent, under Bob Donald. However, these units, though widely scattered, are makers of Sheet Metal detail parts for cowlings, radiators, ailerons, bomb fairings, electric junction boxes, mudguards and the assembly of thse into components by riveting, spot welding, and various approved fasteners.
Passing through the east wall fire-door, we arrive at Betty McNichol’s FABRIC SHOP, heavily populated with the feminine of the species. A number of girls are engaged in covering fuel tanks with sheets of heavy self-sealing rubber material as well as making and sewing Navigator’s seat cushions, ground covers for machines in service, the final taping and all fabric finishing on the Mosquito fuselages, and final assembly finishing touches at final stations, Bay 3. “Lieutenants” Rhoda McNichol and Mary Van Dusen are proud of their famous fire ‘brigaders,” who have proven themselves on several recent occasions. The art of sewing, cutting and fabricating will be no post-war novelty to this multitude.
The rainbow tinted section next door is the PAINT SHOP, presided over by Jack McCauley, and here it seems is a great portion of Toronto’s soccer players. The spacious interior, well-lighted and ventilated, is a temporary resting place for all assembly parts, which are sprayed with special resistant solutions before assembly. THe completed bomber eventually assumes its coat of war-paint within these walls, coming in, a barren, colourless specimen and leaving, as pert as any glamour girl, in the aircraft class. Special registration markings, the numerous stencil signs, assorted posters and art material flow from the McCauley “studio,” which handles, as a sideline, a sandblasting business on such articles as armour plates, engine bearers, engine shrouds, steel tubing, etc. W. Cameron, E. Grier and Gil Read are the “Three Musketeers.”
Leaving Plant I, we go south to Plant II, and in the first of three production bays, Walter Sparrow’s ERECTION DEPARTMENT workers are completing the joining of fuselage shells from our Dupont Street Plant and putting the finishing touches to silver-coated bodies from General Motors of Oshawa and Canadian Power Boat of Montreal. Soon, when production at these Sub-Contractors gets into full swing, all these preliminaries will be dispensed with as fully-equipped fuselages are delivered here. Until then, Walt Sparrow, Chris Dominick, Norm Lye and Andy Johnston are in charge of night and day shifts that install various components, electrical wiring and units, construct bulkheads, reinforcement strips, hatches and the hundred and one other operations, including the advanced work of installing tailplanes, rudders, fins, etc.
Over by the west wall, clouds of steam and a humid atmosphere indicate Mickey Brown’s HEAT TREAT DEPARTMENT, or the “D-H Turkish Baths,” where countless batches of small parts are degreased and either anodized or cadmium plated. Later, chrome plating equipment may be added. They’re proud of the new salt bath tank in its sunken foundation in the centre of the shop.
Anything under 100 degrees is considered “cool” by the crew, who claim to be the “hottest” department in the place - and it’s no idle boast! Salt baths, annealing, chromate plating, case-hardening are on their agenda. Among their duties is the mixing of special acids for use in other departments. R. Copeland and S. Clare are right hand “heat treaters.”
Following the steam, as it were, we find that Russ Borrett’s BENCH FITTING DEPARTMENT folks are immediately above Heat Treat, and this isn’t heartily appreciated by the perspiring population. Alex Stevenson, Art Blake and Geo. Grant are the “right handers” here. All small fittings used in the assembly of radiators, ailerons, cowlings, wheel and bomb doors, aerial masts, inner exhaust shrouds, undercarriage spider bracings, wing attachment fittings - to mention a few- are made by Borrett’s “boys and girls.” In one month, not long ago, 500 jigs were produced. Side-lines are welding, lathe work and buffing. The latest project is the conversion of fabric-covered elevators to metal. The first set of Mosquito saxophone exhaust manifolds (not extinct) and the first set of undercarriage compression legs were Fitting Shop products.
ELECTRICAL SUB-ASSEMBLY, another department where girls outnumber the men, supplies the neve centres and “lifeline” wiring which circulate throughout our bomber. Foreman Jack Cruttenden and his assistant, Jack “Suggestion Award” Pritchard, superintend the complex business of wiring junction boxes, wiring and assembly of instrument panels, cable assemblies, wing tips and tail cones, the bomb aimer’s panel, etc. These girls display neat skill in wielding soldering irons to solder 25 to 30 delicate points of contact for the multitudinous array of wires leading to precision connector plugs and other units, just one of many jobs they perform daily. Mac Dunlop, a member of our Plant Safety Committee, Aubrey Edwards, and Blanche Traviss comprise the Electrical Department’s “governing” body.
Sam Johnson’s SUB-ASSEMBLY DEPARTMENT was our next stop. Over 1,000 different assemblies are made up at Sub-Assembly where salvaged parts are also repaired. Their assembly work covers such pieces as undercarriages, dinghy stowage boxes, elevator layshaft, rudder pedals, control columns, differential unit, main engine control brackets, Linatex fuel hose lines, and many others too numerous to mention. The delicate job of testing Mosquito wheels for balance and bearing runs is another Sub-Assembly job. Handling the men behind all this are E. P. McCloskey, Jack Koopmans and Ed. Bradshaw.
CHock full of drill presses, turret lathes, milling machines and all of it arranged like a hug jig-saw puzzle is the MACHINE SHOP, for a long time under the wing of Reg Robinson, now a Superintendent. Successor is “Rowlie” Tosswill and his mate, Jack Joyce, who with Al Bryson, Jack Gunn, Eric Renouf, Johnny Craig and Roy Walker, on their respective shifts, keep ‘em rolling. “We’re a buffer dept.,” says Rowlie. “We can make anything from small grub screws to a cross frame- and we’ve done both, incidentally.” This cross frame Rowlie refers to, is installed under the gun mountings of our newest Mosquito fighter. Among other Machine Shop “bits and pieces” are such items as elevator operating pulleys, elevator trim body, and trim sockets, etc. They are always prepared for emergency work and rush jobs and could quickly fill the breach if a sub-contractor met with misfortune. One of the most interesting jobs is the pantograph engraving machine which can rout out designs on plexiglass, fibre or any metals. Another asset is the centreless grinder. The feminine influence is strong here too!
Sam Bustard’s TOOL AND DIE SHOP was our next stop. This is the home of the tools, dies and jigs which are now scattered
TOOL & DIE
Throughout the Plant and it is Bustard’s claim that over 80 percent of all our jigs and fixtures were designed in his shop by journeymen toolmakers. “In addition,” he told us, “we have supplied nearly all the departments with necessary tools to make the many miscellaneous items that make up a Mosquito bomber. Thousands of Gay standard, forming and draw dies, drill jigs, milling fixtures, router jigs, rubber press blocks, milling cutters, broaches, reamers, taps and form tools were made by us.” Cy Little, T. Addison and S. Diboll are instrumental in maintaining the constant flow of such tools which are used in making up engine mounts, canopy tops, cannon and ammunition chutes, emergency exits, hydraulic testing equipment, interchangeability gauges and dozens of others.
Just as we were about to leave, a ponderous shock vibrated underneath us, and we stopped short. Earthquake? No!- just Eddie Jack and his pet drophammer. We walked over to the building, close by Cafeteria 2, and found Wm. Montgomery and curly-haired G. Bone examining a drawing “hot off the press.” “It’s the largest drophammer in Canada,” beamed Eddie Jack, youthful foreman who pioneered this work from infancy stages at D-H. He waved at a huge sample display board, fully forty feet high which acts as an aid to the employees and awes visitors, as mentioned in “Our Departments” June issue. On this board were drophammer “drawings” - wheel doors inner skin, oil tank shells, wing bomb fairings, oil tank unit fairings, exhaust manifolds, inner and outer shrouds, carburetor air intake parts, etc. Huge dies made of Kirksite metal, from plaster of paris patterns, litter the floor. This department makes its own patterns, dies, does its own die finishing and also heat treating. There’s no doubt that it packs quite a wallup in the production plan!
Back again in Bay 3, we pass final assembly stations to reach Charlie McDermott’s PIPE SHOP, whose output reminds one of a macaroni or spaghetti factory. Pipes of all sorts - coolant, oil, hydraulic, fuel, de-icer, brakes, pressure venting and tubes, for wheel door fenders, tail wheel guides, etc., are stacked everywhere. Girls are working at benches, bending tubing into prescribed curves and shapes on wooden jigs. This department handles anything from thin tubing leads on instruments to 2” dia. copper coolant lengths. They have designed, built and maintained all their pipe-bending apparatus and some of these creations would delight a pretzel-twister’s heart. Name your bend and they will do the job. Another of their productions is the radiator installations carried on by a separate section located near wings bay. Here the “rads” are fully assembled and partially connected, ready for incorporation into the wings and, ultimately, for final assembly stages. Frank Stittle and Bill Featherstone are Lauri Latva’s “pipe producers.”
On the last leg our our tour through sub-assembly and detail shops, we come to a long row of Rolls-Royce motors which Cec. Beatty and a competent crew groom for installation at nearby stations. Uncrated, after arrival from the Packard Motor Company in Detroit, these silent but potent masses require finishing touches before they are harnessed to the Mosquito bomber’s leading edge. Ken McDougall, J. Webster and W. Smith direct the work of installing generators, hydromatic motor and pump, constant speed unit and control, header tanks, coolant pipes, fire extinguisher system, air compressor and vacuum pump, spark plugs and general motor hookup. They also assemble propellers ready for connection to aircraft.
Our trip is over, they are a grand bunch and doing a swell job. It has been a pleasant visit.
WHY! WHY! WHY - MODIFICATIONS?
Photo 1. The new style stub exhausts increase length of service life of exhaust and reduce maintenance required on operations.
Photo 2. Former type of Mosquito tailwheel.
Photo 3. Liberator’s major “mod” - adding front power turret to handle frontal attack.
Photo 4. The Marstrand grooved or two-tread tailwheel eliminates “shimmy,” increases life of tire itself, reduces wear on tailwheel mounting and rear fuselage structure.
Photo 5. Old style saxophone exhaust which was modified.
Your travelling Mosquito reporter endeavours this month to bring you an explanation of one of the most irritating mysteries in the aircraft business - MODIFICATIONS.
We start by overhearing a discussion in the hsops and the following remarks: “Why don’t they make up their minds and let us go to it? We’ll finish the job.” We move on and ask others, only to find great conflict of opinion and thought on this very important subject. We then decide to call on Mr. W. D. Hunter, our Chief Engineer, for a story: -
Mr. Hunter said he was glad we had brought up the question at this time as he fully realized how irritating it is for the shops to be asked to incorporate changes when production is beginning to move and he thought that the following views would go some way to answering the “WHY?” of the men on the assembly line.
It should be understood that the difference in design ability and originality of design between contending forces, such as ourselves and Germany, is small and there is a perpetual struggle for supremacy and it is only by modifying existing aeroplanes as operational experience shows that the enemy has made an advance or that a particular piece of design could be improved, that supremacy is maintained. There is no doubt that we have just kept that one step ahead of the enemy both in the performance of our aircraft and in the efficiency of our equipment. This has only been possibly by never relaxing our endeavours to find a few more miles per hour, a few more feet of altitude, a little more manoeuvreability, an increased rate of climb, a means of carrying a heavier bomb load, a more devastating cannon or gun fire-power, etc.
In considering the need for modifications, it is necessary to relate this need to the type of aircraft being produced. For instance, we would not expect as many modifications to be necessary for a trainer type as for a first-line operational aircraft where the competition for supremacy is intense. Further, it must be borne in mind that a modern operation aircraft is equipped with highly technical and scientific apparatus usually of a very intricate and delicate mechanical nature which must be kept to the highest pitch of performance. Also, improvements in this equipment ust continually take place. All of which means “Modifications”, both to the equipment and to the installation in the aircraft.
ON civil aircraft, modifications are naturally necessary, but in this field the need for efficiency although of the greatest importance, is not of such paramount importance, as in one case one may lose a few orders while in the other one may lose the war.
It has now been generally agreed that the Battle of Britain was won, which probably means winning the war itself, largely owing to the outstanding performance and efficiency of the Spitfire and the Hurricane aircraft, coupled with the courage, determination and will to win displayed by the pilots of the R.A.F. These two aeroplanes were operationally just that amount ahead of their opponents to make the difference between being the victor or the vanquished and it is easy to see that if these two outstanding aeroplanes had not been kept up-to-date in the highest pitch of operational efficiency, a different story would have been written.
To your reporter, the subject is now clearing- the WHY! WHY! WHY? Is being answered. Mr. Hunter goes on:-
There are two schools of thought on the method of dealing with Modifications. One is to build the aeroplane in its original form in the greatest quantities possible and then remove the aircraft from the production factory to a modification centre. This method ensures that the rate of production is not slowed down, but it does mean that a certain amount of work which has been completed must, of necessity, be disturbed later. Further, it is found that a “Mods Centre” needs to be of a somewhat alarming proportions in order to deal with the very large number of aircraft on which modification action is necessary. The alternative method is to incorporate the necessary modifications, as far as possible, on the production line as the aircraft are being built and to fit the remainder, which should be as few as possible, at the Service Stations. There is, perhaps, little to choose between the two methods, but for various reasons which cannot be explained at the moment, we in D-H and many companies in England, have decided to adopt the latter.
An excellent example of the necessity for originating and incorporating modifications occurred a few months ago, the story of which may now be told. Germany, by Modifying one of her existing types of aircraft, made it possible to send them over England and drop bombs from an altitude somewhat greater than had been done previously. The menace although not of the greatest seriousness was, to say the least, disconcerting and if it had been allowed to go on, it might have developed into a serious state of affairs. However, by carrying out a modification to the Mosquito with somewhat amazing rapidity, the Germans found that they could not proceed with this particular form of bombing unmolested, whereupon they abondoned it.
You will read what the R.C.A.F. Ferry Pilot says about the performance of our first machines flown to England. Not all, but some of this is directly attributable to Modifications. We in this plant are producing a first-line operational aircraft which in its class is undoubtedly the finest aeroplane in the world and at all costs we must ensure that it remains in this category, and it will do so only by your keeping it a little more up-to-date than its opponents both in performance and in the efficiency of its equipment.
I could go on for hours on this vital subject. The question of changing to North American equipment and materials is a book in itself. To your question “WHY MODIFICATIONS?”, I suggest the answer- “AIR SUPERIORITY”.
This ends Mr. Hunter’s remarks. Your reporter realizes that is is by no means the whole story, but hopes that it does go part way to answering the WHY? Of the fellow on the assembly line.
Page 8 - 9
DETAILS OF THE MOSQUITO IV
SOME of the more interesting structural features of the de Havilland Mosquito IV, which could not be shown in full detail in the drawing published in THE AEROPLANE of May 7, are now reproduced. On the right are sketches which explain the method of marrying wings to fuselage and present more fully the form of construction used in the after end of the fuselage. Other sketches reveal the tail control mechanism and the device for retracting the tail wheel. The drawings on the left deal with the ingenious rudder control and with the apparatus of cooling, not only for regulating the flow of air through the radiators but also for preventing the more undesirable effects of heat at the exhausts. These drawings represent a valuable supplement to our earlier study of an aeroplane which is likely to have a prominent place in the ensuing phases of the war in the air.
WHAT THE RAF THINKS
THE following letter has been sent us by the commanding officer of a famous Mosquito day-bomber squadron:
“As a general description of the Mosquito has now been published in the press, you may be interested to hear a few details about the behaviour of the Mark IV bomber version in action.
The Mosquito bomber is, in every way, an oustanding aeroplane - easy to fly, highly manoeuvrable, fast, and completely free from vices of any sort. From our point of view it has a further quality, a highly important one in wartime - and that is an extraordinary capacity for taking a knocking about. Owing to the high speed and roof-top height at which defended areas are crossed, the Mosquito very often tends to be immune from flak, but there are, of course, occasions when someone “cops a packet”. I myself had an experience of this, a short time ago; while approaching a target at approximately 100 feet above the ground with the bomb doors open, my aircraft was hit by three Bofors shells. Apart from the distinct thuds as the shells exploded and a rather unpleasant smell of petrol, the behaviour of the aircraft after impact appeared to be normal and the bombs were dropped successfully. Actual damage was as follows: - The first shell entered the lower surface of the port mainplane, approximately four feet from the wing tip, and burst inside, removing three square feet of the upper wing surface. The aileron was fortunately undamaged. The second shell hit the port engine nacelle fairly far back, wrecking the undercarriage retraction gear, severing the main oil pipe line and damaging the airscrew pitch control. The instruments on the blind flying panel went out of action. The third shell entered the fuselage just in front of the tailplane and severed the tail wheel hydraulic line and the pressure head line, rendering the air speed indicator useless. After a while, on the way home, the port engine began to give trouble and eventually it failed. Although the airscrew could not be feathered, a ground speed of almost 200 m.p.h. was maintained on the return journey, and the aircraft was landed, in pitch darkness on its belly without the assistance of flaps.
There have been other notable examples. On one occasion a Mosquito went through a set of high tension cables which appeared unexpectedly in the target area, but returned to its base slightly bent, and was landed on the wheels in the dark, without further damage. Another machine was severely damaged on its run up and one engine was put out of action and the bomb release gear failed. The Mosquito was brought home safely on one engine with all the bombs on board, flying only a few feet above the sea and made a successful landing at night. The pilot reported that the machine “had been a bit sluggish, but it worked all right.” Yet another machine had its elevator controls severed, but it was brought home controlled fore and aft purely by means of the flaps and throttles.
The aeroplane flies so well on one engine that the opinion in this Squadron is that the de Havilland Company must have originally designed it as a single-engined aeroplane, and then stuck another one on for luck. It is entirely free from unpleasant vices at all times, which is a great factor when making night landings when damaged, and owing to (Continued on Page Sixteen)
What’s Cookin’! In our Departments
Drawing Office - Edith Maddigan
Paint Shop “A” Shift - John Timms
Bench Fitting - Harold McAfee
Fabric “A” Shift - Grace Banks
Fabric “B” Shift - Helen Bowes
Electrical - Sally Parkin
Sheet Metal - Joe Huddleston
Inspection - Margaret Rose
Machine Shop Blue Shift - Neil Demcoe
DRAWING OFFICE - Congratulations to Mr. and Mrs. F. S. Porte, who became proud parents of a baby daughter, Elanor Ruth, August 1st. Mother and Father both doing well . . . Jimmie Houston, of the Drawing Office, was presented with a wine decanter by members of the D.O. staff upon his marriage to Dorothy Greene . . . Laurren Janice was married July 31st in Barrie, Ont., and was presented with a beautiful pair of bedside lamps . . . Bob Wishart is back at work after spending some time in the hospital. Bob works in Blue-printing, and we are glad to have him back with us once more . . . We welcome Margaret Toth to D.O. Files . . . A mass of red geraniums in the landing field, bringing back memories of her home in Florence years ago, determined the establishment of Eve Gillett in Canada after a 30 hour flight from Trinidad last July. Born near Johannesburg, South Africa, Eve has done considerable travelling before coming to D-H a few weeks ago. After 18 months of voluntary service in England, driving an ambulance, she sailed for New York and before leaving Liverpool their ship was a target for dive bombers. “But,” says Eve, “they were terrible shots and missed us every time.” Eve flew then to Trinidad to visit relatives and from there to Canada with the intention of enlisting in the Armed Services, but thanks to the posies in a Canadian Air Field, this charming young lady is now in the D.O.
PAINT SHOP - Ernie Shackleton has left to join the Merchant Marine. Good luck, Ernie . . . We extend deepest sympathy to Tommy Jones, whose mother and father passed away recently, within two weeks . . . Condolences also to Carmen Rew and Sammy Shaw in the loss of their fathers-in-law.
ELECTRICAL - Congratulations to Charge Hand Jack and Dorothy (Layman) Pritchard, who are the proud parents of a baby boy. Dorothy is a former member of this Department . . . Nita Martin and Billy McKeown (Inspection) were presented with a beautiful lamp and chest of silver prior to their marriage recently . . . Mary Saunders is back to work after three months’ absence . . . Clifford Woodward has joined the R.C.A.F. . . . Jack Pritchard has returned from a recent business visit to General Motors, Oshawa . . . Mary Smith has left D-H . . . A speedy recovery to Mae Edmond.
BENCH FITTING - Now that everyone is back from vacation watch the Mosquitos roll out . . . Al Bennett announces the arrival of a new daughter . . . Glad to see that Vic Potter is back, also G. Hoshal, who has had an attack of the mumps . . . Welcome to our Department Louise Pembleton, Elizabeth Bowler, Jack Westaway, Tom McAleese and George Pearce . . . Jack Fotherby has been away learning to be a good soldier . . . Sid Rothwell, formerly of this Department, now with the Army Service Corps, was home on embarkation leave . . . Our heartfelt sympathy is extended to Charlie Bodle in the recent sad loss of his mother.
ACCOUNTING - W302085-A/W C. L. Rawn, better known to as Lee to us, is now stationed at No. 1 Wireless School, Montreal. She would like to hear from some of the gang. How about it?
FABRIC (A Shift) - Mary Taylor and Evelyn Marshall had to spend their holidays in bed. Both underwent goitre operations . . . Several girls from this department holidayed at Gil Mar Lodge, Sturgeon Lake. Their host, Gilbert Watson, worked at D-H last winter . . . Joe Holliday, our alter photographer, was seen by Audrey Laceby and your reporter while holidaying at Thurstonia, with the inevitable camera around his neck. We wonder if he took it off to go swimming.
FABRIC (B Shift) - Gladys Lee is wearing a lovely diamond, the gift of Lloyd Backiney . . . Mary Bush and Margaret Duxbury are back with us after a visit to Mary’s home in Winnipeg . . . Rhoda McNichol spent her vacation near Moncton, N.B.
SHEET METAL - Many of the gang have some fine fishing stories for this issue but owing to limited space we will have to skip ‘em until we get proof in pictures . . . Congratulations to Ann Hearne on her engagement to Fred Hunt (Pipe Shop). Also Dorothy Chadband, who became engaged to WIlly Kennedy . . . and to Ramona Somers and George Baird (Drawing Office), whose marriage took place September 7th . . . Hazel Whyte has joined the ranks of the “Farm Commandos” having bought a place with chickens, etc. A house warming is in order . . . Tommy Evans, Fred Holterman and Laurie Morgan are now in the Armed Forces. Keep the donations for the Cigarette Fund coming in Gang, for when these boys get in the big fight . . . A welcome is extended to all the new faces in this department . . . Your reporter knows what a skin full of ‘Humber Water” tastes like, for details ask Les Cabell . . . Best wishes go with George Dixon who left for the Coast recently . . . Johnny Tanks is recovering from an operation . . . Helen GiIlmore and Lillian Currie have joined the Armed Services - Go easy on the “Bugler,” girls . . . Francis Godfrey has left for the fishing trade, we wish him “good biting” . . . Don’t forget to let your reporter in on all the “tid bits” and keep our department “in the know” . . . Joe Huddleston’s two sons were married August 4th to English girls Overseas.
(Continued on Page Sixteen)
NEW PLANT CONTROL BADGES
MR. R. A. KIPP, Supervisor of Industrial Relations, announces the inauguration of an entirely new plant control badge system. The new badges are a transparent plastic with a groove for var-coloured card inserts bearing departmental symbols. Special ROAMER badges will be available for those whose business takes them to other departments. All office workers are included in the new plan. Plant 1 and Plant 2 and the various bays therein, have been assigned distinguishing “insert” colours as follows.
PINK - This will include the following departments: Tank, Welding, Engine, Coupe Tops and Shipping.
BLUE - Woodmill, Sheet Metal.
LILAC - Fabric Shop.
LIGHT BLUE - Paint Shop
WHITE - Finished Parts and Progress
The above inserts will be printed in red ink.
PLANT 2, BAY 1
BLUE - Fitting Shop, Inspection and Stores.
ORANGE - Machine Shop, Tool & Die.
GREY - Drophammer.
The above inserts will be printed in black ink.
GREEN - Erection 2, Coupe Tops, Electrical, Inspection, Stores.
YELLOW - Mosquito Final, Sheet Metal, Pipe Shop, Electrical, Inspection, Stores and Wings. Other departments outside of these areas are:
BLACK - White type - Maintenance.
WHITE - Black type - Traffic and Receiving and Stores.
WHITE - Red type - Stores (roving).
WHITE - Green type - Test Flight.
ROAMER BADGES - RED.
WANTED W.I.T. DRIVERS
Urgently needed from any district on Office Hours, 8.45 a.m. to 5.15 p.m. Also Shift and Steady Day cars from Central and West End.
Help yourselves and the D-H Transit Office by joining the “Buck-of-the-Month” Club. Local 407-8-9
It was late at night; the taxi had pulled up by the curb and MacPherson got out and began fumbling in his pocket. At last he handed the driver a coin. “I have known gents what gives a bit over,” grumbled the driver.
“Aye,” said MacPherson. “That is why I asked ye to stop under a lamp.”
To Keep You up to Scratch
LETTERS FROM HOME MORE THAN WELCOME
SPEEDY AIR MAIL SERVICE FOR CANADA
THE NORTH ATLANTIC AIR MAIL: The Canadian Government’s air service across the north Atlantic for official passengers and for air mail established a new record of 12 hours and 26 minutes for the non-stop trip from Montreal to the U.K., although it was emphasized that no record was sought. That first flight carried 2,600 pounds of mail which represents somewhere around 130,000 letters. The first return flight was completed in 15 hours, direct to Montreal and more than 3,00 pounds of mail were carried.
OPERATED BY T.C.A.
Only one aircraft is in use at the present time, but two others are expected to enter the service, which would permit a bi-weekly schedule. In announcing the service several weeks ago, the Government said it was not planned to carry parcels at the present time, but that all airgraph messages would be carried, and armed forces air mail. The aircraft are being operated by Trans-Canada Air Lines as agents for the Canadian Government.
IN THE FORCES
Letters have recently been received from the following staff members. All send greetings and would be glad to hear from their pals.
Ernie Finlay (Works Office) now Pilot Officer E. Finlay, M.P.O. No. 611, Sydney, N.S.
Roy Hoad (Works Office) now L.A.C. R.176942, M.P.O. No. 611, Sydney, N.S.
Hugh Anderson, B.39080, D.S.P.C, M.P.O. 1106, Vancouver, B.C.
Gown Scarlett (Electrical) now C.Q.M.S. G. C. Scarlett, B.26978, No. 3 Works Company, R.C.E., Lethbridge, Alta.
If you succeed in answering all 10 questions, you have a good knowledge of things aeronautical; 8 correct answers proves that you are air-minded; 5 correct means you had better start studying; and 3 or less correct answers indicate that you are not interested in the flying end of aviation.
Does the Bombardier ever give orders to the Pilot?
What part of the plane in test flight area presents the greatest danger to the uninitiated?
If you were about to make a parachute jump, would you grasp the rip cord while still in the plane?
What is the “slip stream”?
What is the two-seater German Dive Bomber Ju87 commonly called?
What is the Duck Club?
What is meant when it is said: “The pilot was riding the beam”?
If you can come within 50 of guessing the number of incoming phone calls which come to D-H in a single day, you can count your answer correct.
Which is the higher R.A.F. award (Officer Rank) - The Distinguished Flying Cross or the Air Force Cross?
What type of plane is the de Havilland Mosquito?
Methods Engineering - Lucy White
Receiving and Traffic - H. Luddington
General Office Plant No. 1 - Helen Williams
Dupont Plant - Johnny Rumball
Tool and Die - Grace Wheeler
Electrical - Sally Parkin
METHODS ENGINEERING - The three American Tool Designers from Meyers Engineering Company have returned to Detroit. They were very likeable fellows and we regret their stay with us was not longer. They were guests of honour at a farewell party at the Hollywood Hotel . . . Jack Dixon and Kieth Graham have left the employ of the Company . . . Ted Munnings has left to join the Air Force . . . Brittle-bone Vern MacCallum scored again, and now has his arm in a sling, the result of an injury while vacationing . . . A fishing trip by several members of our department was, by all indications, a huge success. The only casualty reported was to John Bull (no relation to the English John Bull), who received a severe sunburn, which kept him from work for a week. We reported that the bottle of rum lotion is highly recommended . . . We are happy to have back with us, all those who were on sick leave . . . Welcome to Jim Simms, a veteran of Dieppe, member of the Fort Garry Regiment of Winnipeg. He spent three years overseas . . . Ralph Thomson is now with the R.C.A.F. and stationed at Manning Depot . . . This pretty well covers our report for the month, so until you hear from us again “Au Revoir.”
RECEIVING AND TRAFFIC - Betty Henney has left us to team up with her Dearly Beloved . . . The writer wishes to thank those genial souls of Dupont for their beautiful gift of country life . . . Perc Hackett has returned to the field . . . It takes vacation time to make us realize that many of those so-called “lead swinging” jobs have plenty of work attached to them . . . Now that the D-H wolves have come back to their jobs, the little lambs up North can return to their pastures . . . Shirley Lucas has left us . . . Bill Steadman refused to accept defeat, he has another son. What happened to the cigars, Bill? . . . Lionel Fabian has left to assume a position with Government sources. Good luck, Lionel . . . What is the story about Dave MacDonald turning his bathtub into an aquarium?
TOOL & DIE - Norm Kiddey really gave us a surprise by getting married during his holidays . . . Bill Sinclair is a daddy again - a girl! . . . Gordon Hook is in the Army and Gordon Dixon will soon leave for the Air Force . . . Bert Corbett and Clair Strachan celebrated wedding anniversaries recently.
COST OFFICE - The girls of this department regret to learn of the engagements of its two popular bachelor bosses, Ken. Matheson and George Clark . . . We also extend congratulations to Rita McDermott who recently became the bride of Jack Dennis . . . Best of luck to Irene Griffith, Birdie Brock and Betty Pring who have left the company . . . The gang misses you . . . Things we would like to know - Who is the secret admirer who sends Jack Culverwell gladioli?
WELDING - Ray Clarke, Lou McPherson, and Hugh Callan are on loan to General Motors of Oshawa at time of press.
GENERAL OFFICE PLANT 1
Contribute Regularly - D-H Overseas Cigarette Fund.
- Well, here I am reporting for General Office Plant 1 now instead of Sub-Contract. Nan Bell and Jean Grant are back from their respective trips to Montreal . . . Phyllis Bell was holidaying at Beaumaris Hotel, much to the envy of the rest of us . . . Funny thing about vacations, you never get far from D-H. Ran into Eleine Leslie at Honey Harbour, and just missed seeing Mildred Ashmore at Roseneath . . . Holidays are just about over, however, and most of the gang are back at the office, tanned and ready to dig into work . . . Ruth Coe has left the Department to join the new staff of D-H girl drivers. How about a ride downtown, Ruth? . . . One of our “Hello” girls, Marg. McCabe, has left us and may be found at our Employment Office . . . We welcome two newcomers, Miss M. G. Nash, Secretary to Mr. Glassco, and Mrs. P. Corrigan, of Mr. Dickinson’s Office . . . Joe Holliday, our congenial photographer, certainly took some beautiful pictures, both scenery and otherwise, during his holidays at Sturgeon Lake . . . Betty Camplin received her engagement ring and is leaving shortly to marry Nelson Malcolm, R.C.A.F. Best of luck, Betty . . . Florence Petrie is also wearing a newly acquired engagement ring.
DUPONT PLANT - We have a charming addition to our Progress Department in the petite Shirley Shelly, she is assisting Alex Shier. She came to us from Woodshop at the plant . . . Jovial Bill Kitto, one of our millhands, was nearly burned to death in a bus which caught fire while enroute home from his holidays. He awakened to find himself surrounded by flames. Cliff Giles, another millhand, put it out . . . Stan Whitmore, of the team Harris and Whitmore (routers by chance) has joined the Army and Dupont is sorry to lose him. Good luck Stan . . . Norm Woods of our Inspection Staff has left Dupont Street due to ill health and will be in an outdoor post somewhere near Montreal . . . Jimmy Jackson and Les Racey were almost drowned, while away recently, so it seems that they should have some sort of supervision.
ELECTRICAL - Congratulations to Helen De La Courneuve, who announces her engagement to Bruce Murphy of Tanks Department . . . Congrats to Gracie Forsythe (formerly of Tool & Die) who is engaged to Warren Kerrigan (Toronto), a member of the Prince of Wales Rangers . . . Mona MacKenzie (office) caught a pike about two feet long at Lake Nipissing while away on her holidays - who says girls can’t catch fish? . . . We welcome Al Bond back after an extended illness . . . Aline Beaupre has returned to Montreal . . . We hear that Ray Stevens has an addition to the family.
DROPHAMMER SHOP - Hats off to Tom Raymond of this Dept. who was honest enough to turn in $80.00 in cash which he found. “That’s the type of worker we’re proud to have,” says Foreman Eddie Jack. It was later claimed by a fellow worker.
Your Pay Envelope
HOW OFTEN do you hear someone say “To hell with working Saturday. It puts me in a higher income tax bracket and I work for practically nothing” or “I worked Sunday at time and a half and Mr. Ilsley took most of it. No more overtime for me.”
Don’t kid yourself, boys. Income tax is set in certain percentages according to earnings and marital status. Even Mr. Ilsley can’t grab more than the law prescribes.
The important things to remember are:
If you worked the same number of hours - at the same rate - for 52 weeks of the year your weekly tax deduction would produce about 95% of the tax you are required to pay. At the end of the year you would complete the income tax form and find out you owed the Government approximately 5% of the total tax payable BUT-
Your earnings vary from week to week because of:
Special overtime, (2) absence from work, (3) change of rate, etc.
and each weekly deduction is made on the basis of your actual earnings for that week, therefore
(c ) It is easy to see that if you work overtime (thus going into a higher bracket) you pay more for that week BUT it is only an ADVANCE PAYMENT AGAINST THE YEARLY TOTAL.
To better illustrate the point, the following table gives three categories into which two-thirds of D-H workers fall. We use an 80c rate and new working hours. Lower rates benefit to an even greater extent.
A Compulsory Savings Certificate will be issued to each taxpayer who has a Savings Portion of the tax to his credit. These Certificates will be issued after the 1942 Tax Return has been checked. It will cover the refundable portion of your tax; will bear interest at 2 per cent, and will be issued for the amounts as low as 50 cents.
Every war has been followed by a readjustment period made necessary by the change-over from war to peace production. A great many people have to change jobs - and this takes time. Those who are changing still have to live and provide for their dependents. “The Lord helps those who help themselves” and the man who helps himself is the man who is building up a reserve through:
Savings Portion of Income Tax
Purchase of War Bonds
Purchase of War Savings Certificates
Again I say “Don’t let anyone kid you about Income Tax.” The more you earn - by overtime or otherwise- the more you have at the end of the year.
If in doubt regarding tax collected in any week, refer to the Tax Tables posted throughout the plant.
THIS YEAR 18 CAMPAIGNS IN ONE!
Will Take Care of 76 Welfare Groups
UNITED WELFARE FUND
FROM September 20th to October 1st, 5,000 “soldiers” of the most humane army on earth will undertake to reach the hearts - and pocket books - of Toronto’s home front in a concerted drive which, in one sweep, will benefit 76 welfare organizations and eliminate the practice of 18 separate money-raising campaigns.
This co-operative drive or “combined operations” will aid the handicapped, the aged, wives and children of Toronto’s uniformed men, the working mothers, the unprotected babes, the counselling of boys and girls, and will offset death, sickness or desertion which menace family life.
Every cent you can possibly contribute to this united welfare fund will provide friendship and education, and the building of a solid citizenship.
The campaign objective is $1,553,226.00 and will aid the following organizations covering every field of social, welfare and cultural endeavour:
CANADIAN WELFARE COUNCIL: National social work clearing-house.
FEDERATION FOR COMMUNITY SERVICE: The co-ordinating body for a group of Protestant social service orgainizations. (30 units).
FEDERATION OF CATHOLIC CHARITIES: The co-ordinating body for a group of Roman Catholic social service organizations. (15 units).
HEALTH LEAGUE OF CANADA: Promotion of personal and community health.
I.O.D.E. (ROSE DAY): To help the children.
JEWISH SOCIAL SERVICE AGENCIES OF TORONTO: The co-ordinating body for a group of Jewish social service organizations. (15 units).
MENTAL HYGIENE CLINICAL SERVICES: Mental hygiene clinical services.
NATIONAL COMMITTEE FOR MENTAL HYGIENE: Safeguarding mental health.
POPPY FUND: Relief for married non-pensioned ex-service men and their dependents.
SALVATION ARMY: “The Army of Mercy” - meeting human emergencies.
SOCIETY FOR CRIPPLED CIVILIANS: An organization providing vocational training, rehabilitation service and assistance in securing artificial limbs for adult crippled civilians.
TORONTO ASSOCIATION OF OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY: Treatment of mentally and physically handicapped.
WELFARE COUNCIL OF TORONTO AND DISTRICT: Co-ordination of programmes of individual agencies.
WEST END CRECHE: Complete day care for children of working mothers.
WOMEN’S VOLUNTARY SERVICES: Provision of volunteers for community services.
YOUNG MEN’S CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION: A unit of the world-wide Y.M.C.A., a Christian fellowship of men and boys.
YOUNG WOMEN’S CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION: Headquarters of the Canada-wide Y.W.C.A.
Remember the dates - September 20th - October 1st.
Let’s all get behind this campaign and when the volunteer worker calls at your home, please give him a welcome!
PREVENTION IS BETTER THAN CURE!
Machines, operations, or practices considered by a Squad Member to be unsafe - should be reported to the Squad Leader - who, if he agrees, advised the Department Foreman concerned and the D-H Joint Safety Committee.
D-H JOINT SAFETY COMMITTEE
E. H. STAITE
L. H. FORTIER
D. G. HIGGINS
D-H Safety Squads and Leaders have been appointed in each Department.
Here they are-give them a hand- give them your help.
BE A FIREWATCHER!
BE A SAFETY WATCHER!
and remember half the accidents occur in the home.
Machine Shop - Fred Penrose (Squad Leader), Michael Horrick, Vic Screen (Squad Leader), Lew Elder
Sheet Metal - E. May, T. Nichol (Squad Leader), G. Wilson, Elsie Dunseith, Barbara Iddon, W. Mathews, Art Mackey, Eli Lawrence, H. McFarland, M. Garnett, Mary Shemmon, R. Wotherspoon.
Steady Day Shift - D. Walby, H. Dorge
Heat Treat - George Kitto (Squad Leader), Mrs. B. Adams, S. Callam, Mrs. D. Blake.
Bench Fitting - Wm. Craig (Squad Leader), Earl Bain, Herb Shaw, Leo Paxton, Walter Statten, Herman Dezwart, Ida Giddings, Lola Hamer, Fred Wilkinson, Robert Meddick.
Tool and Die - S. Bradley (Squad Leader), N. Snelling, O. Roasts, L. Jackson, C. Strachan, W. Deans, M. Simpson.
Welding - N. Robilliard (Squad Leader), R. Davis.
Hammer House - Stan Warren (Squad Leader), G. Bennett, O. Fotherby, M. Bush, M. Quigg, G. Lee, B. Morris (Squad Leader), D. Hatfield, A. Emard, M. Henderson, M. McCallum, U. Turner.
Paint and Sand Blast - Gwyn Smith-Jones (Committee Representative), C. Rew (Squad Leader), J. Timms, E. Yates, W. Mathieson, E. Ready, E. Woods (Squad Leader), W. Waterson, E. Hichcliffe, C. Eams, R. Lunnie, C. Hawkins.
Engine Shop - G. Panabaker (Squad Leader), C. Trivett.
Coupe Tops - T. Dobbs (Squad Leader), W. Medland, L. Pope, F. Adams, J. Walsh.
Sub-Assembly - Fred Budd (Squad Leader), Art Roope, Les. Steeves, Jack Cargill, Bert Duvall, Frank Woodyard, Fred Swann, Harry Crawford, Tommy Hutton, Doug. Nicholson.
Bay No. 1 - To be announced later.
Test Flight - Percy Salt (Squad Leader), Charles Marriott, Fred Kelly, Lloyd McCabe, William Scaller.
Bay No. 2 - Owing to reorganization of departments in this Bay names will be announced later.
Electrical - Dav. Howard (Squad Leader), G. German, A. Tilley, E. Johnston, N. Arms, Daisy Powman, Peggy Burns, Robert Wood.
Pipe Shop - Harry Weeks (Squad Leader), Jean Ellis, Jean Clairmont, Mark Hewitt, Art Partridge.
Bay 2 - O. Hager (Squad Leader), Bertha Bull, Jack Sparham.
Bay 3 - Reg. Scotland (Squad Leader), A. W. McIntyre, Art Anderson.
Dupont Street Plant - William W. Snook (Squad Leader), Wm. Staterthwaite, Geo. Hoare, H. Payne, A. Kerr, M. Sider, A. Wilson, L. Law, W. Kelly, W. Kitto, W. Keith, C. Giles, G. Kirkpatrick, L. Weatherston, R. Rae.
Mosquito Final Assembly - J. Billinghurst (Squad Leader), B. Hastings, G. Snowball, C. Hutchison, J. WIlson, J. Walton, G. Carley, L. Cole, H. MacDonald, R. Cross.
Stores and Traffic - Clare Murroe, Jack MacNamara, Earl Bell, Ivor Clare, Vicki Morgan, Ken Bilcox, E. Kaiser, H. Hunt, C. Townsend, E. Smith, W. Ireland, M Cheetham, W. Kelly, D. Moses, L. Dowdell, H. Snider, E. Menor.
Inspection - T. L. Barwick (Squad Leader), C. Crawford, T. McHugh, A. Bricco, J. E. Kumlin, T. Halls, G. Orchard, F. Campbell, J. Sault, D. Wolfe, D. Gordon, C. Powell, A. Chivers, B. Urquhart, E. Galley, B. Parry, C. Phillips, J. Mingsworth, E. Conroy, M. Emphringham, J. Platt.
Dupont Street - W. Taylor, E. Jarvis
Maintenance - F. Elliot and H. Lak (Squad Leaders), I. Samuel, G. Davis, L. Wilkinson, L. Bennett.
Experimental - Harol Cowdy (Squad Leader), Fred Wright.
Tank Production - N. Harrington (Squad Leader), Len. Crocker, Sam Glaser, Art Cook, Ken Hack, Mary Graham.
Is Your Car Fit?
It Won’t Be Long Now
Cartoon by Bill Thomas
YOUR MOSQUITO REPORTS PROGRESS BY J.P.C.
TWO personnel changes were made at the last meeting of the Joint Production Committee, Arthur Heaford (Production Control) replaced R. Henderson (Production Control) (reassigned); and A. McPhail (Erection) replaced Ernest Shackleton (Paint Shop) (Merchant Marine).
Checking reports of this meeting and a previous one, it was noted that a total of $822.92 was awarded for various employees’ suggestions in July-August. A number of suggestions, some months old, are now in the process of being cleared from the files and decisions will be announced.
TO POST MINUTES
Mr. H. Povey suggested at the meeting that extracts of the minutes which would be of interest to employees, be posted on bulletin boards. A system of distribution of D.O.I (Drawing Office Instructions) was discussed and the ground work for speedier circulation of such instructions was instituted. The “Mosquito” clarifies D.O.I. as follows:
For modifications of limited production or where it is impractical to change the drawings to incorporate the required information.
For issuing the instructions to make the shop for the purpose of making or modifying a part from salvage or damaged parts where a concession is inadequate.
For advanced information which will later be incorporated on drawings.
Mr. Jack Billinghurst, who is responsible for correction of snags in Bay 3, brought to the Chairman’s attention the fact that many snags which had to be corrected on the final inspection station could, and should, be eliminated at the various stations down the line. He felt that an extra snag station should be set up and that a reallocation of equalization of the man-hours of work on the other stations would greatly facilitate work on the assembly lines.
Mr. Povey stated that this matter was under review particularly in the light of No. 2 Bay, now coming into operation, and that in the rearrangements of the stations in No. 3 Bay, he would allocate the requisite number of stations for correction of snags only.
The question of gaps in the line, that is, vacant stations, was discussed at length and it was realized that although it was desirable to hold a machine on its station until all work was completed, if by doing so gaps were allowed to form in the line, valuable man-hours of work would be lost to the machines which should have been occupying these vacant places.
It was, therefore, decided that it was more desirable to cause a little confusion by moving machines from their correct stations to further advanced positions along the line, and carry with the machines the station crew and uncompleted cards. This will enable the shop to fill up more rapidly and for man-hours of work to be accumulated on the machines, which will then occupy the vacant gaps. The procedure will naturally slow up the advanced stations for the time being, but as soon as the shop is completely filled with aircraft and the crews can work back to their allotted stations, every effort will be made to enable the station work to be fully completed before the machines are moved on.
It was also appreciated that the change-over of stations 1 to 6 from Bay 3 to to Bay 2 will take some considerable time and during this time, and until the reallocation of stations both in Bays 2 and 3 have been correctly made and stabilized, some inconvenience will necessarily result.
The rescheduling of work for every station is in progress by Methods Engineering.
Mr. J. McKeown from Salvage Department was present to air the difficulties encountered in his department in connection with the lack of space and difficulty of getting official approval on concessions.
Mr. Hunter agreed to have a man appointed to review the salvaged parts regularly so as to speed up the matter of making these parts available for re-use. It was the unanimous opinion of those gathered, that there was a great need of spare parts for assemblies and components and that the salvage outlet would provide a likely source. Reg. Corlett is to provide a man to aid in correcting methods of tooling for producing parts.
Interchangeability gauges came in for the committee’s attention under the sponsorship of Mr. Frank Harley, of Inspection, who stated that gauges received did not measure up to their satisfaction. Mr. Reg Corlett told the J.P.C. that he would see that gauges are made acceptable to the Inspection Department.
ANSWERS TO AIR QUIZZ
Yes - the Bombardier gives orders to the Pilot when lining up a target.
No - you might open the parachute prematurely.
The stream of air driven aft by the propeller or propellers.
The Duck Club is composed of members of the Civil Air Pilots Organization (U.S.A.) who have made at least one forced landing on water while engaged on coastal patrol duties.
He is flying radio range.
Distinguished Flying Cross.
The de Havilland Mosquito is a British designed twin-engine, mid-wing monoplane, long-range Bomber or Fighter.
SURVIVAL OF THE MOSTEST
Two rabbits were being chased by a pack of coyotes. After running considerable distance, the exhausted pair popped into a culvert to hide. Some time later, believing they had succeeded in their strategy, the rabbits, on preparing to leave their haven, discovered that each end of the culvert was guarded by a group of hungry looking coyotes. “Well,” reasoned one bunny, “As I see it, the only thing for us to do now is stay in here until we outnumber them.”
A Negro boy was in school and was so bad that finally his teacher called for his mother and said, “Your little boy is always getting into trouble. He tells more lies than is possible for one child.”
“Just like his father.”
“He also swears a lot.”
“Just like his father.”
“And he even steals things.”
“Just like his father. I sho’ am glad I never married that man.
“Seventeen, and only making $45 a week? Is he backward other ways?”
Courtesy Saturday Evening Post
By Jack Dane
The Control Council of the Recreation Club passed a bill at a meeting recently to purchase 3,000 Recreation Club Pins for free distribution to the members. Due to the lack of basic materials and the shortage of help, it may be some weeks before these are ready. However, early in October should see them coming through at the rate of 400 pins per week.
Equestrian-minded de Havillanders are again wending their way to Limberlost Riding Academy, Hogg’s Hollow, Yonge Street, after a two months’ summer layoff. Rides are held every week on Friday starting at 7.00 o’clock. Thirty-five horses are available and there is always a good turnout. “But,” says Valda Wills, Secretary of the Riding Club, “beginners or newcomers are always welcome, and if any instruction or help is needed there are plenty of good riders to lend assistance.”
House League Softball enjoyed one of its most successful seasons this year around D-H. The three Leagues, Steady Days, Shift “A” and Shift “B,” started rather slowly due to inclement weather around the first of May, with sixteen teams. The regular season schedule ended the second week in August, with fourteen evenly balanced teams, comprising some two hundred players, including managers and coaches. The Steady Day League, consisting of eight teams, played doubleheaders four nights per week at Vaughan Road Collegiate, while the Shift teams played Tuesdays and Thursdays at Ramsden Park.
The teams ended the regularly playing schedule as follows:
SHIFT “A” LEAGUE
Played Won Lost Points
Ramblers 8 6 2 12
Fliers 8 5 3 10
Blockbusters 8 1 7 2
SHIFT “B” LEAGUE
Sheet Metal 11 11 0 22
Gremlins 11 3 8 6
Commandos 11 3 8 6
STEADY DAY LEAGUE
Played Won Lost Tied Points
Wings 12 9 1 2 20
Hornets 12 8 3 1 17
Victors 11 8 3 0 16
Combines 12 7 5 0 14
Tool Room 11 5 5 1 11
Duponts 13 4 9 0 8
Mark XXI 11 4 7 0 8
Bombers 11 1 10 0 2
There is still plenty of time to enter your catch in the Fishing Contest. The season closed locally on September 15th for Brook Trout, October 15th for Bass and Lunge, with no close season on Pike and Pickerel. The rules of the contest are: that all fish must be taken on a line in accordance with the Department of Games and Fisheries regulations. All entries must be brought into the Recreation Club Office to be weighed and measured, on or before October 18th. Why not try a streamer fly and spinner for bass? Be sure to use a gut leader - they’re pretty wary.
D-H GOLF TOURNEY
Percy (Mickey) Eaglestone of Methods Engineering won the Jack Lyttle Golf Trophy at the Recreation Club Tournament held at the Elms, Weston, on Sunday, August 15th. Mick went around in 85, enjoying a 14 handicap, which was figured on the first nine holes, to finish with a net 71. Some sixty-five of the D-H staff took part in the contest, viewing for the handicap trophy that goes on the block each year, to be taken by the lowest net score in the tourney. Pete Radchuck of Tool and Die also shot a 71 net, but broke a hundred gross for second net honours. Len White, ex-pro, shot a 78 gross to take down first low gross prize. John Walton, Final Assembly, won the “duffer” prize with a high gross of 154. Highest net prize was taken by Jim Britton of Tool and Die with a 107. Austin Kyte won the “most honest an” prize, admitting a 15 on one hole. One of the highlights of the day’s fun resulted from a discussion at the 19th hole between Len White and Geo. Grant, who had been primed with some of Reg. Sansom’s special golf “elixir.” Len, who used nothing but a putter against George’s full set of clubs for four holes, emerged the victor on three with one tied for a buck a hole and two bits on each drive.
With advent of cool evenings, trundlers are shaking the moths out of their low heeled shoes and slippers, lubricating the old business flipper, and hieing themselves thither and yon to the temples of toppling timbers. Ninety-six teams figure to roll off in D-H Bowling competition this season, divided into six Leagues of sixteen teams each, for a total of 576 bowlers. The six Leagues, with the high potentate of each, the starting time and place are given below:
Blue Shift “A” Mixed - Tom Worsley, Olympia Gerrard, Alleys 1 to 16, Wed., Sept. 15th to April 12th, time 9.00 p.m. and 12.30 p.m.
Red Shift “B” Mixed - Chester Godfrey, Olympia Gerrard, Alleys 1 to 16, Wed., Sept. 15th to April 12th, time 9.00 p.m. and 12.30 p.m.
Sheet Metal, Red Shift “B” - Bud Marshall, St. Clair and Dufferin, Thurs., Sept. 16th to April 13th, time 9.00 p.m. and 12.30 p.m.
Steady Days Men’s - Charles Tugwell, Karry’s Eglinton, Thurs., Sept. 16th to April 13th, time 9.00 p.m.
Office League - Bob Henry, Karry’s Eglinton, Wed., Sept. 15th to April 12th., time 7.30 p.m.
Office League - Bob Henry, Olympia Gerrard, Alleys 17 to 32, Wed., Sept. 15th to April 12th, time 9.00 p.m.
Friend: “Did you fish with flies?”
Returning Camper: “Fish with them? We fished with them, ate with them, and slept with them.”
Bob Bremner displays a 4 ½ lb. small mouth bass, while Jack Dane registers a 4 lb. large mouth bass in the Recreation Club’s Fishing Contest. Both fish were taken on live minnows in the Opinicon-Rideau Lakes district.
Jack Galia tees off on the tenth at the Elms Tournament. The foursome includes Geo. Barber, Roy McMartin, both of Sheet Metal, and extreme right, Bus Copley of Fitting.
Fred. Layton, Sub-Assembly, last year’s trophy winner, hands the silverware over to Percy (Mickey) Eaglestone, Methods Engineering, who will retain the trophy for one year.
Recreation Club DANCE
Saturday, September 25th
ROYAL YORK HOTEL
Elmer McCauley’s Orchestra
Professor: “What is the most potent poison?”
Student: “An airplane, one drop and you’re dead!”
Walter Degear of Progress, credited with seventeen forays over German as Air Gunner, has “beat the rap!” He’s IN again! This time with a commission in view . . . .
Frank Ellesmere of Bay 2 saw action at Dunkirk and Dieppe. Shrapnel wounds resulted in his receiving a Blighty . . . .
Many of the original illustrations found in most precis on map-reading are attributed to Fred Forbes of Drawing Office, and numerous are the Nursing Sisters now in action who mastered the subject by attending his lectures. . . .
Comrades Hax Hoffland and Stew Allen of the plant “School of Instruction” whose job it is to get employees “R” squared, are also very actively engaged in our ranks too. . . .
Membership is now the equivalent of two modern companies, but many there are who have not yet joined, we urge them to contact Charlie Powell of Woodshop. . . .
The regular meeting is held at the Sir Arthur Currie Memorial Hall, Isabella Street, the third Saturday of each month at 8.30 p.m. Be there! . . .
An Honour Roll will soon be ready and maintained in a conspicuous place within the plant - made by Art Dowie of Paint Shop. . . .
The cigarette fund for the lads over there is indeed worthy of support, and is getting it. . . . Our “Colours” will flutter in the breeze in the near future, date for dedication is being arranged by the Padre, Rev. Sidney Lambert. . . .
The boys are doing very nicely without our presence - aren’t they? But let us not forget we are still on the team, and as a Labour Battalion, also have an objective - SUPPLY. . . .
Watch the Bulletin Board for Further Activities
What the R.A.F. Thinks
(Continued from Page Nine)
the clean design of the underside, it can, in emergency, be landed on its belly with very little damage, an important factor when considering serviceability. All round it is a sturdy, pugnacious little brute, but thoroughly friendly to its pilot.
In conclusion, the Mosquito represents all that is finest in aeronautical design. It is an aeroplane that could only be conceived in this country, and combines the British genius for building a practical and straightforward machine with the typical de Havilland flair for producing a first rate aeroplane that looks right and is right.”
From “Our Job,” May 20, 1943
D-H Hatfield, Eng.
“Did you ever hear anything so perfectly wonderful!” exclaimed daughter as the radio ground out the latest thing is jazz.
“No,” replied dad, “I can’t say I have, although I once heard a collision between a truck load of empty cans and a freight car filled with live ducks.”
A young lady was walking down Yonge Street with her little dog and met a friend. The friend started to edge away from the dog and so she said, “Don’t be afraid of him, he won’t bite you.”
The Friend replied, “I’m not afraid of that, but he raised his leg and I thought he would kick me.”
(Above) High ranking officials of the Chinese Air Force were recent visitors to our plant. This photo shows the distinguished visitors snapped while touring the various departments with plant executives. From left to right: Colonel Chien; W. D. Hunter, Major General P. T. Mow, Chief of Chinese Air Force Mission; Mr. L. C. L. Murrary; Mr. J. Grant Glassco; and Major General S. M. Chu, Air Attache, Chinese Embassy, Washington.
(Below) shows Henry Chow, 27, Vancouver born member of the Sheet Metal Department exchanging greetings with Colonel Chien, Executive Officer to Major General P. T. Mow. These two found that there was quite a difference in their dialects. Henry’s parents are Contonese.
(Continued from Page Ten)
INSPECTION - We welcome the following new members into Inspection fathernity: Wally Kennedy, from Motor Department. Art Cameron was an inspector with Research Enterprises. Ann Hutson who goes into the Pipe Shop Inspection. Miss Kinnon now a Sheet Metal Inspector. Hazel Bohemier of New Westminster, B.C., goes to Quarantine Inspection. Ted Carrie goes from Receiving to Quarantine Inspection. Milford Devito, Tool Inspection, comes from Fairchilds, Montreal. Ken Klein, Assembly, from Fleet Air Arm. Jack Hudgin, Paul Dumais, Orlo Waugh and Don McLean all new additions to the FInal Assembly line . . . Bernice Nelson has left the Pipe Shop . . . Irene Ferguson, Quarantine, has our best wishes for her trip to Vancouver . . . Mrs. Betty MacArthur has gone to the Planning office, from the View Room . . . Miss D. Gray of Quarantine office has become a company chauffeur . . . There is a lady in the View Room (name not for publication) who learned to swim on her holidays, the first time in all her forty years . . . Eric Baker, Quarantine, returned from his holidays so red that the girls can’t tell when he is blushing . . . An emergency operation was performed when Smoky the plant kitten was defleaed by members of Quarantine Inspection. Kitty was the unreleased, Quarantine Inspected for the Production line.
MACHINE SHOP (Blue Shift) - Harry Bryant, Vi. Henderson and Marg Fargo were recently transferred from Machine Shop. Sorry to see you go and hope you like your new place of work . . . Hearts were saddened when we heard that Sta. Beath had passed away. Our deepest sympathy goes out to his wife and daughter . . . Verna Hart flew to Ottawa on holidays . . . Sorry to hear Vera Danks, Pat Bell and Molly McGee have left the plant . . . Deepest sympathy extended to Cliff Pipher on the recent death of his father . . . . Best wishes to Ernie Petch, Jimmie Dadswell, Art Church, who have joined the armed forces . . . Sophie Shvetz had better keep her eyes on the road when she is out bicycle riding or she’ll have another fall . . . Congratulations to Bert Miller and Edith Smith who were joined in holy wedlock on Saturday, August 14. Bert (now in the Air Force) left for Lachine . . . Mary Anne Smith - where is the flame transferred to? . . . Sorry to hear Al Bryson was on the sick list. We hear it’s measles . . . Sally Huntley - how would you like to go back to Riverview Lodge? . . . Congratulations to Alice Brown on recently winning a prize in the golf tournament . . . Our thanks to Harry Bryant for bringing in the model plane designed and built by his son. It was worth seeing.
The following data was supplied by Mr. J. W. Temple, Manager of the Toronto Division of the Unemployment Insurance Commission:
Unemployment Insurance benefit is paid to an insured person who is out of work and unable to obtain suitable employment, upon his proving that he is unemployed and is capable of, and available for, work.
The amount of benefit is based on the contributions recorded in the employee’s Insurance Book and is, for married persons, at the rate of forty times the average daily contribution made by the employee. For example, if the employee has contributed thirty-six cents per week, the benefit would amount to $14.40 per week. Benefits may be paid for a maximum of one year.
Immediately a person becomes unemployed, he should register at the nearest Employment and Selective Service Office and if no suitable employment is available for him, lodge a claim for benefit.
Photograph of a Fleet Aircraft Limited factory guard in his uniform, peaked hat and leather harness with holstered side arm.
A photograph of two Fleet Aircraft Limited factory workers in their work coveralls and hair coverings.
Fleet Aircraft Limited, Plane Talk
Vol 3, Edition 9, Fort Erie, Ontario, September 1944
Editor: K. Phillips
Associate Editors: Tom F. Williams, W. A. Butters
Managing Editors: Ralph Blaber, Claude Williams
Art Director: P. A. Mahdjoubian
Photographer: Bud Barnett
News to Women: M. Rebbetoy
Production: J. McKillican
Sports: C. Burrell
Labor: F. Rubie
Fleet Aircraft Limited, Plane Talk
Vol 2, Edition 8, Fort Erie, Ontario, December 10, 1943
Editor: Lew Broatch
Associate Editors: A. "Gib" Mackie, Tom F. Williams
Business Manager: Claude Williams
Chief Reporter: D. Phillips
Production Editor and Circulation Manager: G. S. Cook
Sports Editor: C. Burrell
Classified Advertisements.: W. Taylor
Appointments - Promotions: A. McRae
News to Women: D. Phillips and M. Rebbetoy
Labor Editor: J. McKillican
Reporters: T. Pattison, J. Leonard, S. Millar, A. Cheeseman, C. Teal, D. Carter, R. Shoemaker, E. Rowe, Y. Smith, F. Hughes, M. Allen, O. Leard, V. Hicken, M. McDonald, R. Rothero, E. Benner, G. Geach.
Fleet Aircraft Limited, Plane Talk
Vol 2, Edition 6, Fort Erie, Ontario, October 10, 1943
Editor: Lew Broatch
Associate Editors: A. "Gib" Mackie, Tom F. Williams
Business Manager: Claude Williams
Chief Reporter: D. Phillips
Production Editor: G. S. Cook
Sports Editor: C. Burrell
Classified Advertisements.: W. Taylor
Appointments - Promotions: A. McRae
News to Women: D. Phillips and M. Rebbetoy
Labor Editor: J. McKillican
Reporters: T. Pattinson, J. Leonard, E. Stevens, L. Barwick, A. Cheeseman, C. Teal, D. Carter, R. Shoemaker, E. Rowe, Y. Smith, W. Kiemele, M. Allen.
Fleet Aircraft Limited, Plane Talk
Vol 2, Edition 5, Fort Erie, Ontario, September 10, 1943
Editor: Lew Broatch
Associate Editors: A. "Gib" Mackie, Tom F. Williams
Business Manager: Claude Williams
Chief Reporter: D. Phillips
Production Editor: G. S. Cook
Sports Editor: C. Burrell
Classified Advertisements: W. Taylor
Appointments - Promotions: A. McRae
News to Women: D. Phillips and M. Rebbetoy
Labor Editor: J. McKillican
Reporters: T. Pattinson, J. Leonard, E. Stevens, L. Barwick, A. Cheeseman, C. Teal, D. Carter, R. Shoemaker, E. Rowe, Y. Smith, W. Kiemele, M. Allen.
Fleet Aircraft Limited, Plane Talk
Vol 2, Edition 3, Fort Erie, Ontario, July 10, 1943
Editor: Ray Hubbell
Associate Editors: Lew Broatch, A. "Gib" Mackie, Tom F. Williams
Business Manager: Claude Williams
Production Editor: G. S. Cook
Sports Editor: C. Burrell
Classified Advts.: W. Taylor
Appoints - Promotions: A. McRae
News to Women: D. Phillips and M. Rebbetoy
Labor Editor: J. McKillican
Volume One, September 1943, Number Seven
Wherever super cleanliness is vital to health - in hospitals, restaurants, food industries, etc., the Westinghouse Sterilamp is doing a man-size job. Its rays spell doom for germs. In our cafeteria (above) a Sterilamp constantly stands guard over the cutlery.
THE DEATH RAY THAT GUARDS LIFE
Westinghouse is fighting two wars at once. Everyone knows about the many types of weapons manufactured here for effective use against the Nazis. But few are aware that fixtures and bulbs for the Sterilamp, which protects health by killing germs, are made in the West End Plant.
The Sterilamp wars against bacteria on many fronts. By producing strong ultra-violet rays it does its biggest health job in hospitals. Infections which formerly occurred after major operations are now controllable through installation of these wonder lamps over operating tables. Sanitary conditions are similarly maintained in food industries, laboratories engaged in the preparation of essential vaccines, restaurants, meat stores, etc.
In appearance, the Westinghouse Sterilamp is a slender rod-shaped glass tube, flaring slightly at each end where the electrodes are located. Sterilamps operate on alternating current through the medium of current regulating transformers.
Although installations are restricted for the duration to essential industries and services, many new uses for the Sterilamp are anticipated in post-war years. A device that guards public health by killing germs in the millions deserves a bright future.
INFLATION WILL GET US IF WE DON’T WATCH OUT
Those of us who remember the last war have vivid recollections of how high the prices of common things soared. In Hamilton, for instance, butter sold for 65c, a pound, sugar for 29c potatoes for $1.22 a ten-pound bag, and work boots, which were very often of only imitation leather, were $12.00 a pair. In fact, in those days, we paid nearly twice as much as we are paying for the same articles today, and to add to the difficulties, there was a shortage of practically everything, which, in turn, resulted in higher prices being demanded.
You see, people were making very high wages- more money in fact than they could spend in wartime- and with the surplus money they were continually striving to outbid each other for the scarce goods. This forced the prices up, which necessitated an increase in wages. Thus, alternately, prices and wages went higher and higher, with the wages never quite catching up- always coming out second best. The Government in that day took no effective steps to prevent this trend.
That is inflation. True, it wasn’t called by that name in the last war, but it has occured- to a great or less degree- during every war period.
Of course, all of us would like to have more money. Actually what we want is to be able to purchase more goods- to improve our standard of living. Under conditions of inflation, however, getting more money does not improve the standard of living, since an increase in wages results in an increase in the price of goods which is greater in proportion than the wage increase. Thus, the standard of living is actually lowered.
This is what happened in the last war and is what the Government is now trying to prevent by rationing scarce goods, putting a ceiling price on necessary goods, stabilizing wages, providing a Cost-of-Living Bonus, and increasing taxes.
But the Government cannot accomplish this great task alone. It takes the co-operation of every individual to make it an actual success. The Government can’t prevent inflation unless you- and you- and I are willing to undertake to carry out those things which are necessary to prevent it.
THe first requirement is to purchase only those things which we need. It is true that the temptation is great to purchase those things which we have wanted - but not actually needed- for a long time, especially when we have a bit of extra money in hand. If we confine our purchases to our needs, there will be enough of everything to go around.
Secondly, if we refuse to pay more than a fair price for what we buy, and ask only a fair price for what we have to sell- be it goods or labour- prices are bound to stay where they are at present.
Then with our surplus money, there are the old debts and mortgages to be paid off, life insurance to buy, bank accounts to be increased and Victory Bonds to purchase, and when the war is over, the slate will be clean- no bad debts, no things that have to be settled. However, there will be a “nest egg” of considerable size that we will be free to spend on long-desired luxuries, to make a down payment on a new home, or to give our boys and girls an education. All industry, freed from war production, can thus be concentrated on providing goods for the civilian population, and give full employment to thousands to supply the demand for those articles which we have done without in wartime.
We shall then have paid for the war as we went along, kept all fronts supplied with necessities, and ensured stability of our currency by preventing inflation.
John R Reed
Westinghouse Employees Magazine
Vol. 1, No. 7 September, 1943
“THERE’S NOTHING TO IT”
…say Westinghouse Employees who regularly contribute their blood to the Red Cross Blood Bank.
Just one of the gang, Albert Hawkins (WX Department) has donated blood to the Red Cross 22 times! “Nothing to it”, he says.
What would you do if your next door neighbour suddenly took ill and needed a blood transfusion? “Why,” you say, “I’d go right to the hospital and offer to give my blood.”
Now your next door neighbour’s son may be in the Armed Forces. He may be wounded and in need of a blood transfusion this very minute. Of course you can’t rush to his aid overseas as you would to his Dad who lives next door.
But like 1,000 fellow Westinghouse workers you can become a Blood Donor and thus make sure that no Canadian soldier will ever die for want of a blood transfusion.
Being a Blood Donor is easy. There’s absolutely nothing to it. Look at the pictures on this page for definite proof. We’ll just say this: There are 10,000 Blood donors in Wentworth County. Of this number one-tenth are Westinghouse people who have been organized in a great humanitarian cause mostly through the efforts of B. B. Hodge, Personnel Manager.
Let’s keep up the good work. See your Foreman today about becoming a Blood Donor. Your blood may save a Canadian soldier’s life. (Continued on page 15)
Off we go. Pretty Red Cross driver, Margaret Ambrose is about to whisk these smiling chaps off to the Blood clinic. Shown are Blood DOnors George Worthingham (No. 2 Store Room), Joe De FOrest (BX), Joe Harrison (B6), Dave McKay (A2), Terrence Brady (D5) and George Greenaway (BX).
“Your name please?” asks Miss Margaret Templin and the Westinghouse Blood Donor answers “Dave McKay, A2”. Other donors wait to register.
Temperature taking: The nurse places a thermometer in each man’s mouth. Regular Donors, they relax knowing that there’s nothing to it.
“No change in health?” asks Dr. Crack as Joe De Forest (BX) takes a Hemoglobin Test and Mrs. Radcliffe checks the record. WHat happens next is shown on page 15.
Our Years of Tool Making Experience has Proved Invaluable in the Switchover of Production from Peace to War.
FOR THE TOOLS OF WAR…
Proud of their craftsmanship are Tool Room men like Bill Sawbridge, left, and Bill Hay who do the assembly and finishing operations on the hundreds of jigs and fixtures turned out by the Tool Room every year. Working against time, the Tool Room worked seven days a week for the first two years of the war.
In mass production one of the most important groups of men in a plant like ours are the tool makers. These are the men who design and build the jigs, fixtures, dies and gauges that make possible the mass production of millions of parts and hundreds of pieces of finished equipment with accuracy.
To many in the East Plant Tool ROom this is the second time that the Tool Room has put aside the products of peace to build the tools for the tools of war.
Although Westinghouse tool makers are aided in their work by the most modern machines money can buy, tool making requires a high degree of craftsmanship. Information contained in the engineer’s blueprints must be carefully transferred to metal and the metal in turn accurately machined and finished to the required shape. Whereas machinists in other departments may work to tolerances of thousands of an inch, tool makers think in terms of hundred thousandths!
Just as jigs and fixtures require time to build, the art of tool making cannot be learned in a hurry. Many Westinghouse Tool makers, like East Plant Tool Room Foreman Ernie Porthouse, served their apprenticeship in the Tool Room. Apprentices spend four years at the bench under the guidance of an experienced tool maker as well as attending classes during the daytime and one evening a week. In spite of the exacting apprenticeship there are always many boys eagerly awaiting the opportunity to take up this course.
One of the most accurate machines of its kind is this jig borer operated by Tom MacAulay is used to drill gauges and fixtures made by the Tool Room. Extremely accurate, it came from Switzerland before the war.
Used to shape small punches and forming tools, this high speed shaper operated by William Fern makes 200 cuts a minute, can be slowed down to 14 strokes a minute when working on extremely hard steels.
THE PICTURE ON THE COVER
Our cover this month shows a few of the more than 200 different kinds and sizes of tool steel which are kept always on hand in the East Plant Tool Room. In many cases harder than diamonds, some of these special steels are worth more than $3.00 a pound. Checking over the compact $36,000 pile of steel are William Barr, who has charge of No. 18 Stores tool steel stock, and Fred Bannister.
Variations of 1/10,000th of an inch can be quickly detected by this electric comparator which Frank Turner, Chief Tool Room Inspector, is here testing for accuracy with a set of Johansson inspection gauges. Used by the tool and gauge rooms to check the accuracy of other testing devices, the “Jo” blocks are accurate to within 8/1,000,000th of an inch!
Many elaborate and costly gauges are used by Westinghouse tool makers to assure accuracy in their work. Here BIll Coleman demonstrates how a height scale is used in laying out intricate work.
Learning from the ground up. Many Westinghouse tool makers learned the art of tool making while serving their apprenticeship in the East Plant Tool Room. Here apprentice Jim McEdwards gets a lesson in blueprint reading from Instructor Alec Newlands.
Handle with care!
Production of many parts at Westinghouse requires precision machining at extremely close tolerances, perfect fitting of tiny moving parts, utmost cleanliness of all mechanisms. Measurements on some operations are so exact that many of them are equivalent to splitting a human hair 10 times.
To maintain these standards of perfection requires thousands of tests and inspections every day using 15,000 or more micrometers and gauges. Any of these precision tools cost as much as an electric refrigerator or a fur coat. If damaged they may take six months to a year to replace, so great is the need for these tools in war plants.
Under the heading, “Handle With Care”, the INspection Department gives the following 10 simple suggestions for maintaining our micrometers and other precision tools in perfect condition:
Micrometers and precision gauges are delicate instruments. Handle the as you would a fine watch.
Don’t drop micrometers or gauges on the floor or work bench. If accidentally dropped, precision gauges should be returned to the Gauge Room for inspection before being used again.
Never tap a precision gauge on the edge of the work bench. Even slight jarring will affect its accuracy.
Don’t mix gauges and micrometers with ordinary bench tools. Lay precision tools down gently away from other tools.
Don’t spring or force gauges over the work. THis will damage the gauge and cause the work to be rejected.
Don’t gauge work while the machine is in motion. This strains the gauge and work gauged while in motion is never accurate.
Don’t tamper with the adjustment. Micrometers or gauges no longer accurate should be returned to the Gauge Room for test and adjustment.
Don’t use ordinary machine oil or cutting fluid on micrometers and gauges. All precision tools should be returned to the Gauge Room for inspection and oiling.
Keep gauges and micrometers clean. Perspiration from hot hands will corrode the highly polished surfaces. After using dry with a clean soft cloth.
Return gauges and micrometers promptly when not in use so fellow-workers will not be kept waiting because tools are out of stock.
OUR LANCASTER BOMBER PARTS NOW FLY OVER GERMANY
Bomber parts made by Westinghouse war workers in Hamilton went to complete a giant Lancaster bomber last month which by now is helping to blast Germany into submission.
The first of the big Lancaster to be made in Canada, the plane was christened “The Ruhr Express” by Mrs. C. G. Power, wife of Canada’s Minister for Air, at a huge celebration at the Victory Aircraft plant at Malton early in August. Immediately after the ceremony the bomber took off for overseas.
A proud moment for Victory Aircraft workers, the honors were also shared by several of our departments at Hamilton. One of several supplier firms selected to build parts and fittings for the largest of all British heavy bombers, our plant furnished a variety of essential component parts which our years of electrical and manufacturing experience has fitted us to carry out with dispatch.
A condensed list of the equipment being produced for the Lancaster by Canadian Westinghouse includes bomb racks and bomb release mechanism, identification signal boxes, electric circuit terminal blocks, emergency aerial winch and reel, aerial insulators and ice shields, tubes for the transmitting, receiving and inter-communications sets, and flare releases. Our tool room also built special tool and assembly jigs and fixtures for use on assembly work in the Victory AIrcraft plant.
Rated the world’s largest, fastest and most devastating heavy bomber, the first Canadian Lancaster was completed, ready for action, 16 months after the arrival of blue prints from England. To produce a ship of such size in such relatively short time is a feat in itself dwarfed only by the knowledge that this was only the first of a long production line of Lancasters that will now start to roll from Canada’s largest aircraft line.
Exclusive of rivets, nuts and bolts, the Lancaster has more than 50,000 parts and assemblies, not counting the engines and gun turrets. Over 4,000 square feet of aluminum sheets are needed to cover the fuselage and wings, and approximately one million rivets and 14,250 bolts are used in the construction. The huge 69½-foot fuselage is built and assembled in sections, each section being wired and fitted before it reaches the final assembly floor. This unique assembly not only saves time in building the ships but permits sections damaged in action to be quickly replaced by boltin in new sections. THe radio, inter-communication, control and lighting circuits are likewise wired in sections for quick replacement, using hundreds of little Westinghouse-built terminal blocks.
The tremendous size of the Lancaster is apparent in the photos on these pages. From tip to tip the wings measure 102 feet. Seated at his controls the pilot is 18 feet off the ground. The wheels are fix feet six inches in diameter and are retractable. Including the eight ton bomb load, the plane weighs 30 tons. With its four motors, each developing 1,250 horsepower, it can fly 1,000 miles non-stop with a full load of bombs or 3,000 miles with a partial load.
The 69½-foot Lancaster fuselage is built and assembled in sections. The sections arrive on the final assembly floor fitted and wired ready to be joined together. Exclusive of rivets, nuts and bolt,s the plane has 50,000 different assemblies, yet is one of the best aircraft to build from a production standpoint.
The only components of the Lancaster which are not made in the Dominion are the four Rolls Royce Merlin engines which power the 30-ton ship. In flight the wheels are drawn up to increase speed.
It was a proud moment for Victory Aircraft workers when the first giant Lancaster bomber to bue built in Canada took to the air recently. Here the huge crowd assembles for the christening ceremony.
Bristling with armament, the big Lancaster has Browning aircraft machine guns mounted in the turrets in the nose, tail, top and belly.
Looking up inside the big 33-foot bomb bay of the Canadian-made Lancaster. Installed in the ceiling are the bomb racks which hold up the eight tons of bombs. Built in our Hamilton plant, the racks are so arranged that bombs may be released a few at a time or all at once! The bomb bay doors open in less than five seconds.
On the instrument panel, immediately below the head of this Victory Aircraft worker, is one of the two Westinghouse-built identification switch boxes on which the crew may tap out the plane’s identification blinker lights should the radio set be damaged.
Bird’s - eye view of beautiful Vancouver showing BUrrard Inlet and distant snow-tipped mountains. Westinghouse Officers are located in the Marine Building (left foreground).
VANCOUVER … Pacific Gateway
2,685 miles westward from Head Office in beautiful Vancouver, Westinghouse people conduct the Company’s business with characteristic aggressiveness
When Horace Greeley coined his famous saying, “Go West young man, go West”, he was referring to Pennsylvania, the far West of that day. Nowadays the far West is where the blue Pacific laps the shore and soft trade winds blow. In other words, it’s Vancouver - Gateway to the Pacific.
The city of 400,000 is comparatively young, so much so in fact that it can remember its birth just 57 years ago. Ideally located on Burrard Inlet, the Pacific Gateway is 15 miles north of the international boundary.
These are facts that community-minded people in the Vancouver Offices of Westinghouse will tell you at the drop of a hat. They also have another proud boast. President John R. Read came to Vancouver as Westinghouse District Manager shortly after the offices were opened, and served in that capacity until 1936 when he was appointed Executive Vice-President of the Company.
It was in 1905, just as Vancouver entered the adolescent period at 19 years of age, that Westinghouse opened a small office in Hastings Street. S. B. Smith was the first District Manager.
Many advances in the electrical industry, not a few of which were pioneered by Westinghouse, have taken place since that early date. And in the interval the sales volume of Vancouver Office, on the 14th floor of the imposing Marine Building, has steadily enlarged. Today, with T. H. Crosby as District Manager, the Vancouver Sales Department has successfully adapted itself to provide electrical equipment for a highly diversified industrial set-up. Wartime requirements have brought about an amazing expansion in hydro electric power development, ship-building, lumbering, airplane manufacturing and fishing. Efficient running mate of the Sales Office is the Repair Department, with shop and offices inThe Service Building, 1090 Homer Street. This Department is fully equipped with trained personnel to handle the repairs and renovating of all types of electrical equipment.
Since it has grown from a small hamlet to a large and important metropolitan centre in little more than half a century, future possibilities do not overaw Vancouver. The Gateway to the Pacific confidently expects a post-war business development unparalleled in history. Sharing this vision, and working towards its realization, is the enterprising Vancouver Branch of Canadian Westinghouse.
The Warehouse and Service Department Building at 1090 Homer Street houses Service Department SHop and Offices, also facilities for storing and distributing apparatus, merchandise, lamps, etc.
Close up of the Marine Building on the fourteenth floor of which are located our Vancouver Offices. From this vantage point a commanding view of the city is available.
Members of the Sales Office Staff. (Back row, l to r.) Bob Vernon and Bert Robertson. (Front row, l to r.) Muriel Murdock, Lorraine Smith, Gladys Nightingale, Charlotte McDonald and (Mrs.) Agnes Cameron.
Members of the Service and Warehouse Departments recently posed for their picture. (l to r) L. Rimmer, R. Sigurdson, A. Grischuck, N. Dillabough, L. Beal, L. Dohm, W. Millar, R. Jarratt, J. James, G. Lautsch, M. McIsaacs, H. Wilson, W. Thomson, E. Davies, J. Derhousow (absent), J.D. Gregory, W. Ferguson, and L. Marshall.
P. D. Ferguson
T. H. Crosby
Appliance and Lighting Sales
NEWS IN REVIEW
General Office- The Service Department had the pleasure of a visit from Tom Eastwood, Foreman of our Service Repair Shop at Winnipeg. Tom was on his way to attend the presentation of Wings to his son, Glenn, formerly one of our employees, at Uplands, on August 6th. Glenn was an apprentice at Hamilton before joining up in March of last year.
Engineering- Joe Thwaites was recently made a member of the Electronics Committee, American Institute of Electrical Engineers. Joe is the only Canadian on the Committee and is to be congratulated on his appointment.
Attractive Thelma Gent rests her horse somewhere along a Wasaga Beach bridle path. THelma, recently back from her vacation, is Editor K.J. Farthing’s secretary.
M4- The girls in this Department were thrilled recently to receive letters from the Women’s Voluntary Services for Civil Defence in London, England, and Belfast, Northern Ireland. THese letters tell the girls of these organizations’ great pleasure in receiving gifts from Canadian donors.
Space will not permit the printing of these letters, but they both convey to all members of M4 Overseas Club very deep appreciation of their generosity, and the Magazine wishes to congratulate Margaret Gray and her energetic committee, who carry on this splendid effort.
D6- Friends of Al Brown, formerly of this Department, who enlisted in April this year in the R.C.A.F., will be sorry to learn that he has contracted infantile paralysis and is at present in Alexandra Hospital at Montreal.
Nine “Western Gentlemen”, herded by Manager Hamilton, and a like number of “City Slickers”, under questionable guidance of Syd Marshall, are making soft ball history for D6, besides a lot of fun for their fans. Selected players from the above teams, “precision ground” and “inspected” by Captain Howard Priest and Coach Carpenter, take this opportunity of throwing down the mitt to any group of “Pill Pounders” who wish to try their luck in getting to first base. So come on with your teams! Try us out.-But keep in mind that when you can’t see it you can’t hit it.
H1-We suffered the loss of one of our fellow workers very unexpectedly on the Civic Holiday week-end, when John Law, who has been an employee of the Department for several years, was drowned at Puslinch Lake on Sunday, August 1st. The sympathy of the Department and other friends is extended to his parents.
Grace Thresher, Secretary to Chairman of the Board, Paul J. Myler, is here shown receiving a beautiful gold watch from her “chief” in recognition of 35 years’ service with the Company. Jack Holk (centre) is PResident of the Senior Veterans’ Association which sponsors such presentations.
Young Dick Skillen, whose father, Pres, is in the Engineering Dept., spent a good part of the summer playing Cowboys and Indians. Now, like scores of other youngsters, he’s back at school studying “readin, ritin, and arithmetic.” The realities of life are tough on little guys.
R3- Congratulations are offered to Jim Mann, Assistant Foreman, Tom Summers, Tool Engineer, and Harry Newton, Supervisor on Brown & Sharpe Automatics, on their recent promotions to these positions in R3.
M1-L1-We have often heard about (Continued on Page 12)
Twenty-three years ago these boys comprised a championship team in the Westinghouse Softball League. How many Kings of Swat do you recognize? Legend has it they made up one of the smartest teams ever seen around these parts.
Fat pedestrian (knocked down by a car):
“Couldn’t you have gone around me?”
Motorist: “I wasn’t sure whether I had enough gas left.”
The general was lecturing a class of student officers. “A 40-foot flagpole has fallen down,” he said. “You have a sergeant and a squad of ten men. How do you erect the flagpole again?” The candidates offered suggestions involving a block-and-tackle, derrick and so on. “You’re all wrong,” replied the seasoned officer. “You’d say, ‘Sergeant, get that flagpole up.”
FAMOUS FIGHTER SQUADRON THANKS WESTINGHOUSE PEOPLE FOR CIGARETTES
No. 401 Squadron was First to Fly in Many Fights over Britain and the Continent.
C.N. SALVISBURG, Treasurer of the War Services and Charities Fund has received numerous letters from overseas, thanking our employees for their gifts of cigarettes, etc. One very interesting letter was from Squadron Leader Neal, Officer Commanding, No. 401 Squadron, R.C.A.F., Overseas, which is the Squadron that Henry Sprague, son of VIce-President W.E. Sprague was attached to before being taken prisoner some time ago. Squadron Leader Neal points out that cigarettes purchased in the Old Country are very expensive, about 24c. For ten. Tobacco costs the equivalent of $6.50 a pound, which is a practical reason why our gifts are so welcome and so greatly appreciated.
This is rather a famous unit, being the first R.C.A.F. Squadron in action in the Battle of Britain, three years ago. It was first to escort Flying FOrtresses over Europe, first to provide fighter cover over Rotterdam, first Squadron to use the most advanced type of fighters in July, 1942, and the first R.C.A.F. Squadron to engage the Focke-Wulfe 190 Fighters. The Squadron has a total credit of 56 enemy aircraft destroyed and over 100 probably destroyed or damaged.
Our little monthly contributions are helping to keep these splendid representatives of our country in good spirits, and the little we contribute is not missed by any of us.
We have been asked by A.L. Meynell, Secretary of the Senior Veteran Employees’ Association, to invite any eligible employee to join this Association. Please communicate with him at The Benefit Department, Works Office.
“Injury”, said the workman.
“Inattention”, said the foreman,
“Inflammation”, said the physician.
“Incurable”, said the hospital.
“Incredible”, said the mourners.
“Interred”, said the undertaker.
“In Peace”, said the tombstone.
When the word got around that three of their fellow-workers, (l to r) Tom Shimmell, John Bull and Bob Gavey were retiring, members of the Foundry tendered them a dinner and social evening which was enjoyed by all present. Combined service records of the Old-Timers total 73 years. (See story on page 13)
…the big one that got away, but Russ Bea (M1) not only let the big one get away, but his line, rod, reel and a two dollar spinner went with it. We are all wondering how Russ is going to explain the loss to his brother-in-law, the late owner of the aforementioned equipment.
Every day Westinghouse Main Office elevators travel about four miles in taking passengers to and from their offices. When it seems that an elevator will never come, be patient. Maybe, like this one in charge of Doris Ellis, they are delivering other busy war workers to all seven floors.
“Going Up,'' sings Lois Pickard and a few seconds later her elevator was filled to capacity. Don’t be like one passenger who said “Oh, three please” just as Lois “landed” at the fifth floor. Call your floor early.
F-7-The Ladies’ Soft Ball Teams of F7 and F` got together on Friday evening, August 6th and had a very enjoyable time. P.S.-Your editor hopes that at his gathering it was decided which was the better team.
This is the Westinghouse championship relay team, members of which streaked past the tape to take first place in the Industrial Relay Race event at the Hamilton Police Meet on July 1st. On August 21st the same team won the Open Industrial 440-yard relay at the Buffalo Uniformed Firemen’s Meet for the fifth straight year. (l to r) Tom Dumbill, Doug Cousins, Mike Katz, Arnold Dafoe, Dave Strang and Jim Honrsby; (inset) Bill Champagne.
F1-The sympathy of all members of this Department is extended to Mrs. Bonnallie, of Mount Hamilton, whose son was drowned on July 29th at Wasaga Beach. William was admired by everyone in this Department and always had a smile which will be long remembered.
A draw was recently held in this Department in aid of the Greek Relief Fund, and the sum of $56.00 raised. This opportunity is taken to thank all who made this event an outstanding success.
Our ball team played the White Air Craft on August 5th at Mahoney Park: Score: F1 Dept.-12; White Air Craft-10.
Q Department- Sam Taylor, of this Department, who recently received his Wings at Brantford, was commissioned as a Pilot Officer, and the congratulations of this Department go forward to him.
BX and B7 should be proud of its members who are members of the Voluntary Blood Donors Group. Over 120 donations have been given by 26 members of these Departments. Your editor regrets that space does not permit the printing of all names. Special mention, however, must be made of Albert Boult, Frank Jones, Wes Houston and Jim Brown, who are mainly responsible for the splendid record achieved.
WJ1-Berg Clegg, draughtsman in the Illumination Division is back on the job again after being dangerously ill for several weeks. We are very glad to see you back, Bert.
His friends in the East PLant will be interested to know that Sam McKNight, formerly of the Engineering Department, is now with us in Department WJ1.
WD2-On behalf of members of the Lamp Engineering Department, we extend our sympathy to Carman Cantlon, whose mother passed away recently at Seaforth. Also to James Radcliffe, Pipe Fitter (WD2) who lost his wife on July 31st.
Here is LEading Air Woman Bessie Tunstead who enlisted in December, 1942. ‘Member when Bessie was a Timekeeper in F7?
WD1-The numerous friends of Jessie MacNaughton, who for years was an employee of this Department, will be pleased to hear of her safe arrival overseas. Jessie, who is a daughter of Tom MacNaughton, (Department H, East Plant,) is a Lieut. Nursing Sister with No. 13 Canadian General Hospital, which is under the command of Lt.-Col. L.A. Carr, M.D., of this city. She has already seen considerable service, having been with the R.C.A.M.C. for over 2½ years.
Congratulations to Geroge Horbett, who, on July 31st, joined the R.C.A.F. and is now stationed at Manning Pool, Toronto. George was presented with a purse as a farewell gift.
WX-Distinguished visitors to this Department recently were: Representatives of the Chinese Government, G.W. Chu, M.C. Tung, E.N. Yen and R.C. Lynn. They were accompanied by representatives of the Westinghouse International Company from U.S. Also Petty Officer Arnold War, R.C.N., previously foreman of Planers, WX.
Foundry News- Tom Shimmell, John Bull and Bov Gavey were tendered a farewell dinner by their fellow employees at the Royal Connaught Hotel on July 30th. Having each attained the age of 70 years and being eligible to retire under the company pension provision, their friends thought they should be honored, and organized this entertainment. John Bull, under ordinary circumstances, should have retired in December, 1942; and Bob Gavey in October of this year; but owing to the war these two have now decided to carry on for the duration doing their share to hasten Victory. Tom Shimmell who was recently advised by his physician that a rest was essential, received from the hands of Vice-President C.H. Mitchell a signet ring, as a token of the esteem in which he is held by Foundry men and other employees who gathered to pay a merited tribute to these three Westinghouse veterans. A very pleasing program was arranged by George Green, who capably acted as Chairman for the evening.
TORONTO- Friends of Captain Rolly Cleworth, formerly of Swastika Office will be interested to know that his name is mentioned in press dispatches as being one of the officers in the Cliff Assault in a recent campaign in Sicily. His regiment clambered up a 2,500 foot precipice and stormed a crest in a pre-dawn attack, capturing the town of Assoro.
Ever see a fireless engine? This one does yeoman duty in the West Plant yards every day of the week .Twice a day it is charged with sufficient steam at the boiler house to ensure operation for four hours. Charlie Mace, World War 2 veteran is at the controls.
Here comes the bride in the person of Ruth (Strathmann) Long (centre) who before her recent marriage worked in the Correspondence Department. THelma Gent (same Dept.) stands to the left of the bride as a bride’s maid.
WINNIPEG- We regret to record the death of David Stewart, formerly Shipper in our Winnipeg Branch, on Monday, July 12th. He retired in 1936, due to ill health, after faithfully serving as Winnipeg’s Shipper for thirty years. To his wife and son, we offer our heart-felt sympathy. Davie will be long remembered by us all.
We are pleased to renew acquaintances with Gorgon Finch, of our Ottawa Office, who visited Winnipeg during July while on holidays in the West. Gordon formerly worked here and in Calgary, and is well known in these parts.
Your reporter had the opportunity of saying “Hello” to Walt. Baylis, en route from Hamilton Office to Calgary Office to take on new duties there. Winnipeg staff is ready to give you any help that might be required, Walter, and wishes you the best of luck.
This sturdy soldier is Fred Marshall of “A” Squadron, Tank Corps, Camp Borden. Soldiers like Fred, who used to work in K4, are loud in their praise of Westinghouse people who keep them well supplied with war equipment. Fred’s Dad carries on that at the plant.
BRIDES AND GROOMS
Irene Walton (F1) to AC2 Reg. Bovaird, on July 9th, at Hamilton.
Marie Lowriss (F1) to LAC George Kennedy, on July 17th at Hamilton.
Marjorie Sharp (WD1) to Joe Campbell (R1), on July 24th at Hamilton.
Ella WHitney (R1) to Mike Kohan (F1), on July 31st at Hamilton.
Margorie Cardno (F1) to Harold Race, on July 31st, at Hamilton.
Dorothy Cooper (WD1) to A.B. (Bill) Heinhold, R.C.N.V.R., on August 9th at Hamilton.
Betty Jones, Comptroller’s Department, to William Davies (WD1-WD2), on August 14th at Hamilton.
Dorothy WIllis (WD2) to LAC Hugh Morgan, R.A.F. of Wales, on August 14th at Hamilton.
Muriel Willson (WD1) to Archie Davey, on August 21st at Hamilton.
Do you know?
A submarine’s maximum speed under water is 11 knots. Running at this speed it will use up batteries in an hour. At a speed of 3 or 4 knots the submarine can go 24 hours without recharging batteries, which it can only do by coming to the surface.
Half-a-million man-hours and many, many tons of critical materials have been saved by employees of one firm alone through suggestions of its employees. Employees of this firm-Westinghouse Electric Company- turned 22,788 ideas, of which 7,365 were put to use.
More than 23 railway tank cars of heavy fuel are needed to supply a single destroyer on a round-trip between the East Coast of Canada and North Africa.
Westinghouse at Vancouver has a sub-office in Trail, B.C. ably presided over by B. James (above) His attractive daughter looks after the secretarial work.
To Tom (D6) and Mrs. Hulme, on May 23rd, a daughter, Anne Elizabeth.
To Rodger (M4) and Mrs. Woodcroft, on July 6th, a daughter, Mary Olef.
To Walter (Edmonton Sales) and Mrs. Powell, on July 14th, a son, Donald Gary Jr.
To Jack (Eng. Dept.) and Mrs. Leech-Porter, on July 18th, a son, Jack Colin George.
To Jack (Storeroom 28 W.P.) and Mrs. Heritage, on July 20th, a daughter, Judith Ann.
To A1. (R1) and Mrs. Nicholls, on July 31st, a daughter.
To Tom (F7) and Mrs. Dilks, on August 9th a son.
To Jack (E6) and Mrs. Dorey, on August 14th, a son, James David.
Wearers of Canadian Red Cross Society Silver Pin
Westinghouse Employees who have given Six or more Blood Donations to the Red Cross
“THERE’S NOTHING TO IT”
(Continued from page 3)
Blood for Victory: Senior Veteran Terrence Brady (D5) almost goes to sleep on the comfortable cot while Nurse Dean watches fighting Irish blood accumulate in a bottle.
Now for refreshments: Having made a real contribution to Victory these four Westinghouse men enjoy doughnuts and coffee. Soon afterwards they returned to the plant.
Saving a life: Soldiers, wounded in battle, are grateful to thousands of Canadian Blood Donors. Maybe this is your blood being prepared for a transfusion.
Kenneth Holden Sergeant R.C.A.F. After working four years in our Vancouver Office, Kenneth enlisted in 1941. Since that time he has often flown over enemy land.
Robert Henry Pte. R.H.L.I. Bob worked two years in the Shipping Dept. Enlisted before the war was a month old. His wife and little brother, Sharon, remain here.
William Dohm Able Seaman, R.C.N.V.R. was in the Vancouver Office 5 years before joining the Navy in 1940. He likes the life but will be glad to return to his former job.
J.A. Turner Leading Air Craftsman, R.C.A.F. Joe was a well-liked member of the Winnipeg Service Dept. before joining the air force three years ago this Sept.
James Walker R.Q.M., Fifth Field Ambulance, R.C.A.M.C. “Mickey” was in X2 Deparmtnet for 17 years. He joined up in 1939. His father is in R.I. Dept.
Milton Edwards, Flying Officer, R.C.A.F. Milt. enlisted in July, 1942, after working for five years in our Hamilton and Vancouver Offices where he has many old friends.
Donald McLeod F/O R.C.A.F. First Rate Dept. man to enlist. He was commissioned overseas in 1942, and taken prisoner in action against the German fleet.
Owen Boylan Lance Corporal, R.C.O.C., Fifth Canadian Division Overseas. Owen worked for more than a year in P-2 Department before going active in 1941.
John McGurrin Corporal, R.C.A.S.C., Canadian Army Overseas. John was a member of the Carpenter Shop for twelve years prior to donning the uniform in 1940.
J. Tuckett Steward, H.M.C.S. Protector No. 2, Point Edward Base, Sydney, N.S. He joined the Canadian Navy in May, 1942 after working one year in WD-1.
Roy Spree Able Seaman, R.C.N.V.R. Roy decided in favour of His Majesty’s Navy in October 1941. Was previously employed for six months in the Lamp Dept.
Ernie Goodwin Sgt. R.C.A.F. Overseas. He donned a uniform in April 1942 and before that worked for a year in FI and CI Dept. His wife, Lorraine, works in FI Dept.
Jack Arnold Sgt. 40th Battery, Canadian Army Overseas. Worked in Dept. B-4 eleven years. Joined the colours day war declared. A brother Frank, in K-1 Dept.
A. Normally Ships Writer, Royal Canadian Naval Volunteer Reserve. Before deciding to cast his lot with the Navy, Austin worked in the Stores Department 6 months.
Fred Kneebone, Jr. Stoker 1st Class, R.C.N.V.R. Fred was in A-2 Dept. as a welder for three years. He enlisted in April 1943. His father, Fred Sr., works in A-2 Dept.
Gordon Bone Flight Sergeant R.C.A.F. Gord enlisted from the Stores Office in January 1941. He is now attached to the Royal Canadian Air Force in Cairo, Egypt.
William Lawson Pte., Royal Regiment of Canada, Canadian Army Overseas. Bill worked for one year in the Stores Office before enlisting in July 1942. Likes the Army.
L. Baldasero Trooper, British Columbia Dragoons. Lorne, who worked for 2 years in E-6 Department, joined up in March 1942. Writes Home Front Friends.
D. Caldbeck Leading Air Craftsman R.C.A.F. Was well-known in Vancouver Branch where he worked for nine years. Don enlisted in May, 1943 and was soon overseas.
Joseph Prior Leading Air Craftsman, R.C.A.F. Joe was a valued member of the Stores Office for two years before going active in July 1941. He is now in Ceylon.
Joe Clayton P.O., E.R.A., R.C.N.V.R. Joined Company six years ago and upon enlistment in April, 1943, was a Sheet Metal Worker in A-2. His brother in B-4.
Frank May Flying Officer, R.C.A.F. Frank was with the Company for four years as an Inspector in E-I Shipping and Receiving Department. He enlisted in April 1941.
Art Blackwell Pte., Royal Canadian Ordnance Corps, Canadian Army Overseas. Art was well-known in Hamilton and Vancouver Office, where he worked for 17 years.
Comrades in Arms
*Only difference between these lads and us is that they fight dangerously overseas while we carry on Freedom’s battle safe in a Westinghouse War Plant. It’s like rugby - We pass the ball, they make the touchdown. The more war materials made here, the easier it becomes for our boys to score against the enemy.
Perhaps you have photos of Westinghouse men overseas. Please send them to Editor K. J. Farthing, Room 415, General Office. Such pictures are urgently needed in order to continue this back page feature.
Volume Two, May, 1944, Number Three
Death-Dealing MOSQUITOS *See Pages 3-4
Looking like some delicacy from the “frig”, these aircraft rivets are taken out of a refrigerator cabinet where they are placed, oddly enough, to keep them soft. Shown in picture is Jean Taylor.
RIVETS FOR MOSQUITOS ARE FROZEN SOFT
Many foods, such as meat, butter, ice cream, fruits and vegetables, are frozen to preserve them for long periods. Different are two of three kinds of rivets used in X-2 making tail elevator assemblies for the Mosquito bomber. They are frozen to keep them soft.
The rivets are first heat-treated in a salt bath which anneals or softens the metal so that the riveting operation may be performed without damage to the thin aluminum skins which cover the framework. The heat-treating is done at 930 degrees for 20 minutes after which the rivets are cooled by dipping in cold water.
Since the rivets harden quickly at ordinary room temperature, they are kept pliable in refrigerated cabinets at 15 degrees above zero. Thus stored they “keep” for 4 to 5 days against 4 to 5 hours when exposed to the air.
As the rivets are required they are taken out of the cabinet in small quantities.
Westinghouse Employee’s Magazine
Published on the 15th of every month at Hamilton by and for Westinghouse employees throughout Canada.
All articles and photographs in this issue that pertain to our war work have been approved by the Censor.
Address all correspondence to Room 415, General Office, Canadian Westinghouse Company Limited, Hamilton, ONt.
K. J. Farthing - Editor
Thelma Gent - Assistant Editor
It is with regret that I inform all our people of the retirement from active service on April 26th 1944, of Mr. Paul Judson Myler, heretofore Chairman of the Board, and of Mr. Norman Short Braden, heretofore Vice Chairman of the Board.
Mr. Myler will continue as a Director of the Company and as a member of the Executive Committee of the Board of Directors, and I am sure you will all be glad to know that he has also consented to continue as a member of the Board of Pension Trustees.
Mr. Mayler was born and educated in Pittsburgh, and entered the employ of the Westinghouse Air Brake Company in the year 1886, which brings his total Westinghouse service at this date to the remarkable span of fifty-eight years.
In 1894 he became Assistant General Auditor of the Westinghouse Air Brake Company, and in 1896 he came to Hamilton as Secretary and Treasurer of the newly formed Canadian Company, which then made Air Brake equipment only. In 1898 he became General Manager of the Company, and, in 1903, when the Company was reorganized under its present name to manufacture electrical apparatus as well as air brake equipment, he became Vice PResident of the new Company. In 1917 he was elected President, and in 1934 Chairman of the Board.
Throughout his forty-eight years with our Company in Canada he was in every way the organizer and leader of this Canadian enterprise. He has, in fact, often been referred to as the father of the Canadian Westinghouse Company. He has also throughout that time been an outstanding figure in the community life of the city of Hamilton, in charitable and religious works, and in patriotic and sports activities.
Mr. Braden joined the sales forces of the Westinghouse Electric & Manufacturing Company in 1899 at Cleveland, Ohio, and five years later came to Hamilton as Sales Manager of the Canadian Company. He has to his credit throughout his long span of service many outstanding commercial achievements, and his activity and perseverance in promoting the sale of our various new products as they came along have been a great factor in the Company’s consistent record of success. We are pleased that he has consented to remain as a member of our Board of Directors.
In the retirement of Mr. Myler and Mr. Braden we lose two men whose outstanding ability and long experience it will be difficult to replace. I am sure we all wish them both a long and happy life and the enjoyment of those recreations and hobbies in their newly acquired leisure which they have so fully earned.
John R Reed
Chairman and President
The “Vancouver”, one of the first Canadian-built Mosquito bombers to go overseas, saw action over Germany last year.
PUTTING ON THE FINISHING TOUCHES
The Mosquito tail elevator assembly is here practically complete. Trudy Foran, left, and Margaret Ross expertly fill the “pop” rivet holes with zinc chromate which gives the surface a smooth finish when the elevator has received its final coat of paint. Smoothness reduces wind resistance when the completed plane goes into action.
A NEW WAR CONTRACT FINDS WESTINGHOUSE PEOPLE MAKING PARTS FOR MOSQUITO BOMBERS
Westinghouse men and women are a versatile lot. And the odd part of it is that most of them didn’t realize the extent of their abilities until the war started. Many have learned new arts and trades and helped to make intricate weapons far beyond their pre-war imagination. Latest achievement in this regard is the Mosquito Bomber. Several vital parts for the sky warrior (see diagram on next page) are now being made by Westinghouse for the de Havilland plant at Malton.
Some idea of the tremendous scope of the Mosquito programme is the fact that besides 6,000 workers in the de Havilland plant, there are more than 18,000 men and women in sub-contracting plants, and 36,000 making parts in the plants of Mosquito suppliers in Canada and the United States.
The newest and perhaps the most interesting section of the Mosquito built at Westinghouse is the tail elevator assembly of which there are two for every plane. Construction of this unit takes place largely in X-2 Building. The tail elevator is covered with a thin sheet of aluminum alloy just 22/1000 of an inch thick! No wonder that once carefully cut to size, the sheets are called “skins”. Each skin is coated on both sides with pure aluminum 3/1000 to 5/1000th of an inch. The alloy gives strength and
(continued on next page)
Also saves aluminum, while the pure aluminum coating is protection against corrosion and electrolytic action. Incidentally, the sheets are numbered in manufacture and a complete record kept of each skin to facilitate any necessary replacements.
When the sheets are received from the aluminum mill they are first degreased in Dept. R-1. Then they are sent to K-1 Building Paint Shop to be sprayed with zinc chromate. This yellow coating keeps down scratches in processing and assembling, also provides a primer for the final paint job.
Now the sheets go to the Punch Shop where they are blanked roughly to size but not to shape. In the K-1 Building sub-skin assembly the sheets are fastened under steel templates, scribed and precision cut by hand to shape. Drilling is done through holes in the templates to assure accuracy.
Skins Flush Riveted
Stiffener ribs used in the assembly are blanked and shaped in Dept. R-2. They are drilled on templates in K-1 sub-skin assembly and the skin flush-riveted to them. Wherever possible rivets are made flush with the skin to keep down wind resistance, yet the metal must not be even slightly warped or damaged to give an “oil can” effect which might result in the skin tearing loose when the plane is in flight. Pop riveting, employed where it is impossible to get a bucking block behind the rivet, uses a special gun developed by Canadian Westinghouse engineers. Exerting 400 lbs. pull with ease, this ingenious tool replaces the hand-operated pullers at present used in most aircraft plants.
Tail elevators produced in X-2 have already won high praise from both de Havilland and R.C.A.F. officials although X-2 has been engaged in this work for only the past three months. It is expected that 100 workers will be needed in the department shortly.
Arrows indicated locations of Westinghouse-built equipment on the Mosquito Bomber.
OUR JOB ON THE “MOSQUITO”
Tail Elevator Assembly (2)
Emergency Aerial WInch and Reel
Auxiliary Gas Tank Release (2)
Bomb Rack Winch
Bomb Carriers (2)
Terminal Wiring BLocks
Radio & Intercommunication System Tubes
Identification Switch Boxes
Bomb Selector Release Switch
Mark IX-E Bomb Sight
Cutting aluminum skins for the tail assembly. Gladys Nabb using shears to cut sheets and Nancy Thornton (both of K Building) scribing a section of the elevator prior to cutting.
Riveting leading edge of the tail assembly. Operating air riveting gun in foreground is Madeleine Salm. Holding the bucking block on rivet head is Mrs. Pearl Gray.
Mabel Olson, left, and Jean Stephenson operate a “pop” rivet air gun. Gun was developed by Westinghouse engineers and replaces hand-operated pullers.
THE PICTURE ON THE COVER
This tail elevator assembly will ultimately take its place on a Mosquito Bomber destined for action over Germany. Here Sgt. F. Wenjina, No. 54 A.I.D., inspects rivet holes drilled by Mary Arnold, left, and Ileen Ratelle, both new-comers to the Westinghouse organization.
Man-Made Rubber to the RESCUE
Westinghouse Ingenuity Rebuilt Turbines and Supplied Motors for Canada’s Synthetic Rubber Plant
Last February Canada began producing synthetic rubber at the top capacity rate of the huge Polymer Corporation plant in Sarnia. This was less than a year from the day the first sod was turned on the 185-acre property.
In peacetime the $48,000,000 project would have taken about three years to build. Among those who helped rush the job to completion in order that Canada would have sufficient synthetic rubber to meet all the wartime requirements, were many experts from Westinghouse. They rolled up their sleeves and thoroughly rebuilt two 30-year-old turbo-generators and supplied special motors, controls for their operation, big transformers and 220 large-sized Nofuz breakers, a Westinghouse development. Almost every department of the electric building, plus the foundry, were instrumental in making, repairing, or overhauling parts of the huge turbo-generators and their auxiliaries.
Here’s the story behind that record breaking job, which is a tribute to the ingenuity and skill of Canadian Westinghouse workers and others concerned.
Designed for 60 Cycles
It takes more than rubber experts to produce an annual output of 34,000 long tons of buna-S and 4,000 long tons of butyl rubber. Originally there were many tough problems facing the engineers and designers of Polymer. One of these was the fact that all the synthetic rubber machinery in the United States was built for speeds obtainable from 60-cycle power sources.
Speeds available from 25-cycle power were unsuitable and would have required considerable further development or the use of gearings causing reduction in efficiency. It was accordingly decided that although the plant would be installed in a 25-cycle district, some sources of 60-cycle power would be necessary.
Since a great amount of steam is required in processing, the logical solution of the problem would be steam turbine driven generators, using the exhaust steam for processing. But all such equipment then being made was ear-marked for the Navy and a long wait for deliveries was out of the question if Canada was to have adequate supplies of synthetic rubber quickly.
Old Turbines Rebuilt
The Polymer Corporation was successful in having one 4,000 KW. high pressure turbo-generator diverted from another contract somewhat less vital to the war effort, to their plant. This however, would not supply quite half the power needed which was estimated to be in the neighbourhood of between 10,000 and 12,000 KW.
Finally, two 10,000 KW. turbo-generators installed in the old steam plant here in Hamilton, were purchased from the Hydro-Electric Power Commission. Installed in 1914 and 1917 respectively, these veterans had long been in disuse and were badly rusted and corroded.
That’s when Canadian Westinghouse came to the rescue. Under the direction of L. P. Papelian, Turbine Engineer from the New York office of Westinghouse Electric and Manufacturing Company, the old units were dismantled and brought to our plant for overhauling and repairs.
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When wartime priorities made it impossible to obtain new steam turbo-generators for the Polymer Synthetic Rubber Plant at Sarnia, disused Hamilton equipment was rebuilt by Westinghouse experts. Photo shows steam being valved into one of the two 30-year-old machines which now help to make Canada’s synthetic rubber.
Almost all departments of the electric building and the foundry took part in the race against time, the winning of which would mean man-made rubber for Allied Armies at a time when it was most needed.
Since Westinghouse people have contributed no small share of brains and effort in the construction of Polymer, perhaps a word or two about synthetic rubber would prove interesting. It is made from the most part from oil, coal, salt and water. To produce Polymer’s annual output of some 40,000 long tons of synthetic rubber requires 500,000 tons of coal, more than 45 billion imperial gallons of water, 19 million imperial gallons of light end petroleum, 2½ billion cubic feet of petroleum gas, 2¼ million imperial gallons of benzol, and enough brine to contain 3,5000 long tons of salt. In addition, great quantities of soap, acids and other raw materials are used. Engineers point out that at one stage in the making of synthetic rubber a temperature of 150 degrees below zero is required, and a second later this must be raised to 150 degrees above zero.
Without claiming any hand in the actual production of Canadian synthetic rubber, Westinghouse people know who was mainly responsible for the fact that Polymer produces its own steam and electric power. A toast then to those who rebuilt giant turbines and fashioned special motors that man could make rubber for vital war purposes.
From the cutting machine come blocks of synthetic rubber ready for shipment to the rubber companies. Capacity of the Polymer Plant at Sarnia is only sufficient for Canada’s wartime needs.
World War II Hero
Harold Atkinson, Decorated for Bravery, Now Turns Out the Tools of War for his Former Comrades.
Harold Atkinson, F-4, is typical of the young Canadians fighting overseas. Harold joined up with a Canadian unit, was transferred to the Imperial Army and soon found himself fighting in Africa. Twice wounded and twice decorated (he received the D.C.M. and Bar and the Military Medal). Harold was often promoted and rose to Warrant Officer First Class. Finally, he was honourably discharged and returned home to work for Westinghouse.
Harold Atkinson, D.C.M. and Bar and Military Medal, is our No. 1 War Hero, not because he was decorated for bravery in battle but because he was the first World War II veteran to work at Westinghouse.
In his working clothes Harold doesn’t look any different from his fellow-workers in F-4 Dept. and in Africa, where he served so gallantly with the FIrst and Eighty Armies this unassuming chap must have looked much like others in that battle area.
Here’s our No. 1 Hero’s record as a fighting Canadian. He went overseas with the Hastings and Prince Edward Regiment, later transferring to the Imperial Army. He qualified as a R.Q.M. Sergeant and was promoted to Drill Sergeant (W.O.2>) of a Commando and Weapons Course in Scotland.
Received Medal in First Action
Next Harold was put on draft for overseas service with the First Imperial Army, B.E.F. under command of Lieut.General Anderson. Right off the bat he took part in a fierce assault landing near El Alamein. Following this engagement, in which he distinguished himself, he was awarded the Military Medal and promoted to Regimental Sergeant Major.
When Tobruk fell Harold was taken prisoner by the Germans and, suffering from crushed ribs and other injuries, remained under medical officers’ care for almost eight months.
THen he was rescued by the Eighty Army when that famous power-house pushed the Germans clear across Egypt and into Africa far beyond Tobruk.
Harold took part in the capture of Bizerti, Tripoli and Tunis. He was awarded the Distinguished Conduct Medal at Long Stop Hill and promoted to Conductor of Infantry, W.O.1. At the battle of Hellfire Pass, this Westinghouse serviceman won a Bar to his D.C.M. After the fall of Tunis he was again seriously wounded and spent, as he states, a vacation in hospital at Algiers.
Upon recovery he was considered medically unfit and received his honourable discharge. Incidentally, Harold’s wife serves with the C.W.A.C., and his brother is Commander of the Aircraft Carrier, H.M.S. Eagle.
Not invasion barges but electric pump barges used to drain Steep Rock Lake to reach underwater iron deposits in northwestern Ontario.
Westinghouse Service Department crew at the Steep Rock mining development. Left to right-R. Shaw, W. Baird, L. Haines, W. Rattray, W. Offerhaus and A. Elliott.
Snow and ice form attractive patterns on the control dam for Moose Lake power house.
ORE FOR WAR
Westinghouse Service Department Installs Equipment to Help Bring Iron Ore from Lake Bed
Pictures by A. Elliott, Service Department
War makes necessary the seemingly impossible. Canada needed more iron ore for weapon making but the problem was where to get it.
By drilling and geophysical surveys, three bodies of high-grade hematite ore were found at the bottom of Steep Rock Lake, 142 miles west of Port Arthur. How to get at these rich deposits seemed a baffling question.
Then someone asked, “Why not drain the lake dry?”
Mining engineers agreed, made plans to empty Steep ROck Lake of its 125,000,000,000 gallons of water. The first task was to re-route a river system of which Steep ROck Lake was a link. This included stoppage of the flow through the Moose Lake turbines which emptied into Steep Rock Lake. The Hydro Electric Power Commission of Ontario supplied power to replace that of the privately owned power plant, but with the additional Steep Rock load it was decided to convert the generators for operation as synchronous condensers to regulate the voltage and increase the carrying capacity of the transmission line.
One of the first firms consulted was Westinghouse at Hamilton. Our engineers designed a control system and alterations for the machines and last November a Service Department crew went to make the changes. Meantime, in our shops twelve 500-H.P. electric motors to run the pumps, were nearing completion.
Work in Remote Places
The Westinghouse Service Department has a long tradition of service. Its members install most of the larger equipment we make including big generators and transformers, rectifiers, complicated switchboards, relay equipment, circuit breakers, etc. Their job may take them anywhere anytime. Installations have been made at remote places where the only means of travel was by dog-team in winter and canoe in summer.
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Railyways or roads are used most frequently, however, since the amount of equipment to be brought in usually requires an adequate system of transportation. Camp life is the rule rather than the exception for Service Department men. The Steep ROck camp consisted of three tents - one for a mess “hall” and two for sleeping quarters. A large camp stove kept crew members warm when the thermometer fell to 30 degrees below.
Lake Frozen Over
The crew had gone in from the railway by motor car and boat but the lake soon froze over making it necessary to bring mail and supplies across the lake by dog-team.
Finally it was time for the Service Department men to push on to their next assignment. The big pumps, Westinghouse-powered, continue to lift 300,000 gallons of water a minute, day and night, from the lake.
Four months have passed since the pumps started and it is estimated they will operate three more before the first ore body comes into sight. When that day arrives Westinghouse Service Department men will be as excited as anyone.
Service Department camp at Moose Lake. Below- Installing rotor in 6,000 K.V.A. synchronous condenser. L. to R. - R. Haines, W. Offerhaus, W. Rattray and R. Shaw.
“I saw a BLIND MAN today …”
I passed a blind man today and like most others, I passed him. I didn’t even drop a penny in his empty cup. His heart was probably empty also. For, when his sight went out, there also went out opportunity, hope, happiness. To him all that remains are memories of the wonderful world he once knew. Memories that tear at his heart because of the accident that robbed him of his sight, an accident that could have been prevented, an accident that will happen again and again until men whose work endangers their eyes learn to protect them. Eye injuries take a terrific tol.
Do you men know that Canada imports from eleven manufacturers of glass eyes? They turn out bushels of them - gray ones, brown ones, blue ones, but you can’t see a hole in a ladder through any of them. If your work is such that you may get a serious eye injury, wear your goggles. Ninety per cent of all eye injuries are caused by flying objects. They cost over $50,000,000 a year. They cause the working man to lose over three and a half million working days, and above all, they cost the loss of a precious eye-sight which might have been saved.
Do you know that 80% of your actions are guided by your eyes; that 85% of your knowledge comes through them? How would you like to see black, to grope about in eternal darkness for life? Shut your eyes, shut them tight. Now, keep them shut for ten seconds. What do you see? Nothing! That’s what a blind man sees and he sees a lot of it. A pretty girl doesn’t mean a thing to a blind man. He wouldn’t know whether she was black or white. Outside, on a windy day, he might get an eyefull, but it would be nothing but dust.
Men, you cannot buy one good eye with all the money in the world. You should care enough for your eyesight to wear goggles when necessary. Not just any old goggles, but the ones best suited to your work. You never can tell when your goggles will save your sight, when that sturdy lens will stop a flying particle that might otherwise rob you of nature’s most precious gift. If but once in a lifetime you were exposed to the loss of an eye, that time would be of vital importance and then the best is not too good. Remember that a blind man wants nothing but his eyes.
Westinghouse Overseas Veterans’ Band in action.
JUNIOR VETS HOLD ANNUAL PARTY
Smiling faces were numerous and everybody had a wonderful time at the Junior Veterans Annual Ladies’ Night. Following an outstanding stage presentation a drawing contest was held and many winners announced.
Leave it to the Westinghouse Junior Veterans to have a good time. They did just that to the satisfaction of everyone present when on March 28th Ladies’ Night was held at the Delta Collegiate Auditorium.
More than 1,000 Junior Veterans and their wifes attended, making the affair one of the most successful held in years.
Entertainment furnished was particularly excellent. The Canadian Westinghouse Overseas War Veteran’s Band, making their first concert appearance, delighted the party-goers with several well-rendered selections and were repeatedly called upon for encores. The Golden Crest choir also entertained with enjoyable choral numbers. Then followed a first-class vaudeville programme.
During the evening Gordon McKay was presented with the retiring President’s pen and pencil set. As a concluding feature, a drawing contest was held, the winners being as follows:
East- Mrs. William Bridge (Montreal)
West- Mrs. Dave Hunter (Winnipeg).
Hamilton Section (Ladies) Mrs. J. Lightheart; Mrs. P. Bokalaki; Mrs. C. Moorehouse; Mrs. L. F. Merrick; Audry Simpson. (Men) P. R. Powell; I. Harris; J. Beveridge; A. Kimmins and T. Sanders.
Much of the credit for a splendid evening is due to the energetic Committee which was comprised of President George Dews, Vice-President Jack Fox, Treasurer Joe Walkling and Secretary B. B. Hodge, Assisted by Trustees Nor Fearn, John Hutton, C. Skeltes, Art Hamilton, S. Lupton and J. R. Ekins. More evenings such as Ladies’ Night are being looked forward to eagerly.
NEWS IN REVIEW
WEST PLANT NEWS
WD-2-by Florence Weston - Congratulations to Joe Donnelly on being promoted to Foreman of the Lamp Units. Joe was formerly maintenance man on the units.
Jack Marshall, who recently graduated as a “Tool Designer”, was presented with a ring and writing kit upon leaving to join the Navy. Fred Phillips and George Neal, also of the Machine Shop, were both presented with a purse by their fellow workers when they left to join the Senior Service. All three boys have gone into the Navy as “Engine Room Artificers”.
(Above: These smiling faces reflect the enjoyment of a large number of A-2 Social Club Members at their annual diner at the Royal Connaught Hotel.
The Head Table at the A-2 Annual Dinner: Jack and Mrs. Singleton; George (Secty.) and Mrs. Stewart, William (Pres.) and Mrs. Scott, Arthur and Mrs. Tennant, and Mrs. Jack Young.
Anna McConnell, who left recently for her home in Fruitland in an effort to win back her health, was presented with a number of personal gifts by her fellow workers and received many wishes for a speedy recovery. Ann worked in the Spray Room (WD-2).
Dave McCoy, who retired recently after 34 years of service, was a guest of honor at a dinner in the Sergeants’ Mess at the Armouries. Dave was presented with a purse by his fellow workers of WD-2 and many were the wishes that he continue in good health to enjoy his well earned pension.
WD-1- by Mary Gettings - We were pleased to see Squadron Leader J. M. Cameron, Chaplain, R.A.F., Kingston, recently. His brother is Malcolm Cameron, Foreman of Special Radio Dept. and he himself used to be a Foreman in the Lamp Dept. He left in 1923 to enter the Ministry.
(Above): Another “shot” of the guests at the annual A-2 party. From the happy expressions everyone was having a good time. (Below): The staff of the Employment Office who have rendered valuable service to this magazine in checking names and providing any information asked for by your editor: (L. to R.) Betty Chamberlain, Elsie Pelvin, Jack Danforth, and Marion Chappell.
There were a lot of people he remembered, however, and he renewed their acquaintance during his all too short visit.
P.O. “Bud” Taylor, husband of Betty Taylor, dropped in to see us. Home from Halifax, he will report to Washington when his leave is over. Shirley Richardson (nee Vallee) was floating on air April 13th, when her husband came home from South America.
Alex Woosey also had a surprise the other day when he went home and found an unexpected arrival- a furnace which had been ordered last August and given up for lost.
Best wishes for a speedy recovery are extended to Muriel Demerling and Norma Birgie, who were recently in the hospital for appendix operations. Also to LAC Jimmie Kappele, who was home on 21-day sick leave from Newfoundland, and to Margaret Brook (Special Radio) who has been ill for eight weeks.
Congratulations are in order to Jean Russell on her appointment as supervisor of the Acorn Unit
A husband drew up his chair beside his wife’s sewing machine.
“Don’t you think you’re running too fast?” he asked. “Look out! You’ll sew the wrong seams. Slow down, watch your fingers! Steady!”
“What’s the matter with you, John?” said his wife in alarm. “I’ve been running this machine for years.”
“Well, dear, I thought you might like me to help you, since you help me drive the car.”
LAW Jean Machek, formerly of special radio (WD-1) was recently promoted to her present rank.
Dick Pryde, whose dad works in K-1, had this picture snapped on top of the house in which he is billeted in Italy.
WF-1- by Lyle Caswell - Congratulations once again to the boys and girls of the Special Radio Dept. The Little Tin Box, where they deposit their spare pennies produced another five dollars recently for the Westinghouse Overseas Tobacco Fund.
The Foundry boys were pleased to receive a visit recently from Pilot Officer Andrew Knox. All will remember him as the Cost Clerk in the Foundry before enlistment.
THE NAVY LEAGUE OF CANADA “AFFILIATED WITH THE NAVY LEAGUE OF THE BRITISH EMPIRE” INSTITUTED 1895 INCORPORATED 1917
Presented to the employees of Canadian Westinghouse Co Ltd
In sincere appreciation of services rendered on behalf of The Sailors of the Allied Nation
Date April 10 1944 Signed President
EAST PLANT NEWS
Schedule Division - by “Bill” McCrone -
Gracye Fyffe was recently chosen to sing on the CBL programme “Stars of the Future”. This is a sponsored programme to discover future operatic singers and offers a valuable scholarship for the winner. We predict a great career for this young lady, and wish to extend our best wishes and the hope that she will be chosen as one of the CBL finalists.
The many friends of Bob McCulloch (Schedule Dept.) will be glad to know he is out of the hospital looking hale and hearty as ever. We are glad to see you back, Bob.
Len Hawe is also out of the hospital and progressing favourably, although we are informed it will be some time before he is able to return to work. Keep the old chin up, Len.
Q Dept.- by “Bud” Clark - Bob Quibel, who left our Department on pension on March 31st, was the recipient of a cash presentation. Bob, who had been in our Shop for 28 years, left with
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EAST PLANT NEWS
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the good wishes of all his former associated who hope that he will enjoy a well-deserved rest.
F-5- by George Bailey - We are very glad to report that Harris Clark, our Foreman, and Herb Scherer, Assistant Foreman, are improving rapidly. We hope it will not be long before they are back with us again.
Our good wishes are extended to Tom Fraswer, who is at present ill. All hope he will have a speedy recovery.
A welcome visitor recently was Flight Sergeant Ray Owen, who was in from Labrador to see his friends of F-5. He looks very well and enjoys his work with the R.C.A.F.
K-1 - Jack Pryde, K-1 reporter, received a very lovely Easter greeting from his son with the R.C.O.C. in Italy. Jack was naturally glad to hear from one of his boys in the fighting services, particularly at Easter time.
WESTINGHOUSE RIFLE CLUB - by A. E. Cudlip - The League Competition is rapidly coming to an exciting finish as two teams are still running on even terms at the top of the league. The teams are the “Nimrods”, captained by J. H. Kempling, and the “Marksmen”, captained by W. Montgomery. They have lost but on match each so far and compiled a grand total of 22 points. The winners will hold the Westinghouse Trophy emblematic of the League championship for the year 1944.
The individual “Grand Aggregate Trophy” has produced some very remarkable shooting. J. H. Kempling to date has compiled a score of 1,199 out of a possible 1,200. Close behind is Elmer Snider (D-3) with 1,196 and Albert Hannon (F-3) with 1,194. The Annual Banquet will be held shortly and on this occasion the presentation of Trophies and prizes will take place.
Grace Fyffe (Schedule Division) who was recently awarded her A.T.C.M., sang on the C.B.L. Program, “Stars of The Future”. Those in the know say she has a bright future as a singer.
(Left): Lieutenant Commander Fred Clairmonte and his charming bride on the occasion of their marriage recently in Halifax. Mrs. Clairmonte and her sister, who also appears in the picture, are Lieutenants in the Nursing Service. (Top Right): The wedding of Mary Watts, (Comptroller’s Department) and P-O Johnstone, R.C.A.F. (Lower Right): Shirley Godfrey (WD-2), with her husband LAC Walter Davies, R.C.A.F., on their wedding day.
Lieutenant Hugh Brown, formerly of Winnipeg Office, while taking shelter in the ruins of an Italian house ran across this magazine advertisement. Hugh writes: “It’s a small world.”
D-3- by A. E. Cudlip - The sympathy of the entire Department is extended to Frank Bishop, recently bereaved by the loss of his mother.
Many of us miss the smiling faces of “Ab” Rankine, Tommy England and Horace Wheelock these days. “Ab” joined the Navy to help keep our seas free, and Tommy and Horace are both in the Army, and knowing them as we do, we expect to hear great things from them.
Recent visitors include Fred Watson (Army), Gerald McNair and Lieutenant John Savory (Navy), who dropped in to see that we are not letting them down.
They have high praise for our efforts and the good food and care, also the equipment they get for their training, and last but not least the smokes that we send and the letters some of us write. They would like to get those that some of us promised to write.
“Bus” Featherstone wrote this reporter recently giving his best regards to all the boys from across the pond. “Bus” boasts that he is going to round up the entire enemy himself and get back to God’s country, which he states is the best place in this old world. “Bus” points out that so few of us really appreciate our country as compared to some corners of the earth. Let’s all remember how much we owe to our Westinghouse boys in uniform and look after them by continuing to send letters, cigarettes, parcels, etc.
M-3- by B. E. Harris - Archie Ferguson, (M-3) returned to work last month following a long period of illness. We were all glad to have Archie back with us again and wish him a continuance of good health. (Continued on page 14)
WE RECORD WITH REGRET
Jim Nuttall, Radio Tube Engineer, was the recipient of many expressions of sympathy from his associates at West Plant when his mother passed away in England.
His many friends in the Tool Room, (D-5) and other Departments where he was well-known, expressed their deepest sympathy to the family of Cory Stidwell, who passed away April 21st.
The sympathy of all his friends at the West Plant goes to Gordon McKay, Foreman of Shipping Floor (WD), in the loss of his mother on April 2nd.
Some of the Executive Committee who supervised the prize drawing for the Overseas War Veterans’ Association. (L. to R.) Tom Newell; Vice-Pres. Adam Turnbull; Supt. F. S. Strickland who drew the tickets; Archie Akerman who announced the winners, and Pres. George Green. (Inset) Helen Sweeney won the capital prize, a beautiful chest of sterling silver.
TWO HUNDRED ENJOY OVERSEAS VETERANS’ ASSOCIATION NIGHT
The Canadian Westinghouse Overseas Veterans’ Association held their Annual Ladies’ Night on March 23rd, and once again it proved to be a very successful affair. Approximately 200 gathered at the Rainbow Room to enjoy splendid entertainment, and a dance, the feature of which was the draw held for the Cigarette and Comfort Fund.
Winner of the capital prize was Helen Sweeney; other prize winners were A. McKay, Miss H. Morris, Dorothy Armes, Y. Clermont, Mrs. Morris, Charles Thorne, Mary Vorsin, H. Wilson (Vancouver), R. Strong, W. A. Scott, and another lucky person whose ticket bore only the name, “Alex”. President George Green was in charge and thanked everyone for their kindness and particularly the employees of the Company, who assisted in the successful draw.
Maybe you’d like to know something about the Canadian Westinghouse Overseas War Veterans’ Band which has added interest to a number of functions recently. After considerable effort and the use of notice boards, this magazine, and other forms of contact, George Graves, Manager of the band, was able to assemble twenty-one Westinghouse men to hold the first band practice on September 30, 1943, in the Auditorium.
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Some of those who attended the annual Ladies’ Night of the Westinghouse Overseas Association, anxiously watch the draw and hope to be lucky.
Earl Lawson was elected Band Master.
To date approximately twenty-six practices have been held, with an average attendance of thirty-three bandsmen. The first public appearance was at the Victory Loan FLag Raising on November 5, 1943, with thirty-four bandsmen on hand. On November 7th, the Annual Church Parade was held with forty bandsmen in attendance, and at the Delta Collegiate on Monday, March 28th, the Junior Veterans were entertained by forty-seven bandsmen. On April 19th a concert was given at the Senior Veterans Employees’ Association Banquet, which was well received. Both Earl Lawson and George Graves deserve great credit for the splendid band they have made possible and the bandsmen also are to be complimented on their outstanding efforts.
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F-1- by Isabel Richmond - Private Bud Anderson, who worked in the Wire Room, sent an airgraph message from Italy thanking us for the Christmas box and asking to be remembered to all his former friends in the Department who are so kind to him.
PE Dept. - Your editor, through the kindness of Tom Robinson of the Proctor Gamble Company, received a letter written by Private Russ McCarthy who was an outstanding amateur boxer before joining up. Russ tells of winning the Canadian Army Lightweight Championship in England and being trained by Corporal Harry Clark, formerly a watchman in PE Dept. Harry apparently did an outstanding job in getting Russ ready for the many bouts he has won since going to England.
A-2- Dept. - by Jack Fox - On April 1st, A-2 Social Club held its Annual Banquet in the Crystal Ballroom of the Royal Connaught Hotel, and regardless of the date no one was fooled, as there was a full turnout of members and friends, including two who recently joined the Armed FOrces, Pte. Dave Strang, R.C.A., LAC Russ Payne, R.C.A.F., and a visitor from Regina, LAW Ileen Linems, R.C.A.F. (W.D.). After a delicious dinner, entertainment supplied by Charlie Jackson was well received, and everyone agreed it was one of the best nights in Club history. Lucky winners of door prizes were: Mrs. E. Lomax, Mrs. A Robertson, A. Buckley, and LAC Thorgood, R.C.A.F. (Pictures appear elsewhere in the magazine - Editor).
First Floor, Main Office- by Joyce Tonks - Her Many friends in the General Office were pleased to see Audrey Bainbridge, formerly of the Purchasing Dept., now in the CWAC Headquarters Staff, Ottawa, who was proudly wearing her badges showing the rank of Warrant Officer, Class 2, to which rank she has recently been promoted. We were all glad to see Audrey, and hope she will visit us again shortly.
(Left) Members of A-2 Department League ready for action. A few moments after this picture was taken head pins were really flying. (Right) More pictures of A-2 League Members. Bill Ball looks ready for the Crying Room while a head (!!!) pin is about to be struck on the left hand side of the picture.
(Above) Members of B-6 League prepar to “do or die” for their team. (Below Left) More members of B-6 League, with high hopes of knocking off J. Hunter’s 344 single and A Crompass’ 798 high triple. (Below) A group at the Westinghouse Fireman’s Association Annual Ladies’ Night enjoying a game of euchre. (inset) Free Furry grins as he prepares to trump Mrs. Furry’s right bower.
More card players enjoying themselves at the Fireman’s Annual Ladies’ Night. It was an event to be remembered.
Jim Gillespie, (Stationery Dept.), was presented with a watch by his friends when he left on April 15th to join the Navy. This brings the members of the Purchasing Dept. who have joined the Armed Services up to 19.
Many friends of Joan Harley, who is now stationed at Camp Borden with the Royal Canadian Army Medical Corps, were pleased to see her recently. Joan looked well and loves her work at Camp Borden.
Another visitor was Sgt. William Pettigrew who was home on leave.
DISTRICT OFFICE NEWS
Edmonton Office - by M. Thomas - It has just been learned that F/O Pete Heron, formerly of this office and now Overseas, has been promoted to the rank of FLight Lieutenant. (we are sure all his friends in Edmonton and those who have read about him in this magazine, will be pleased to learn of his promotion and extend their congratulations.) Pete comes from a fighting family, his younger brother being with the 8th Army in Italy.
Shades of the past! Lamp Department Champions of 1929 - still bowling if not so briskly in the Office Men’s League.
Montreal Service - by Norm Dunlop - Many friends in the Montreal Service Dept. extend their sincere sympathy to C. Ashton (Storeroom), whose mother passed away on Sunday, April 2nd.
H. O. Hewitt of Toronto Service Dept., called in on his way to Toronto from Chaleur Bay where he has been doing some installation work.
Winnipeg Office- by R. K. Crowe- Bill Whitwell, Bill Morris and Bob Meldrum of the Service Dept., and Jack McKenzie and John Sigurdson of the Sales Dept., who have the Westinghouse entry in the Winnipeg Electrical Bowling League, won the fourth and final quarter, thus qualifying for the play-off.
Congratulations were received by John Sigurdson recently when he became the proud father of a baby girl. It is anticipated that John will come down to earth again shortly.
John Harvey, Service Dept., is the first in our District to receive notice that a suggestion of his had been accepted by the Suggestion Committee.
LAC’s Jack McDonald and George Jervis visited us recently while on leave. Jack, a former Sales employee has been with the R.C.A.F. in Newfoundland and George, formerly of the Service Dept., was en route to the Pacific Coast. They enjoy their work with the R.C.A.F. immensely.
Many Hamilton friends and his former associates here will be pleased to know that Capt. Walter Sorby, who has been overseas for some time, has been transferred to Headquarters Staff in England, and appointed Technical Staff Officer, Grade III. His immediate superior is Colonel Fulton, who was formerly with the Northern Electric Company, Montreal. Walter is well and sends his best regards to all his friends at Westinghouse.
The Westinghouse kids are here in a gang,
When we arrive things start with a bang;
We’ve lots of pep, we get things done,
We love each other, and have much fun.
We never quarrel, we never fight;
Just a department we think you’d like.
For Westinghouse we give three cheers
And let it resound down through the years.
We like our bosses, we think they’re tops,
Our boys and girls are the pick of the crops;
Come on, give out, let praises sound
We’ll never let a good name down.
Submitted by Kay King and Stella Webb, (Special Radio.)
This Picture was taken on Bowling Night as members of A-2 League happily awaited their turn, with Bert Heaps trusting that a little slight of hand will improve his score.
Last night I held a lovely hand
A hand so soft and neat,
I thought my heart would burst with joy,
So wildly did it beat.
No other hand unto my heart
Could greater solace bring
Than the dear hand I held last night-
Four aces and a king.
To Frank (WD-2) and Mrs. Krouse, on March 8th, a son, Edward Elroy.
To Donald (M-3) and Mrs. Shaw, a daughter, Donna Marie, on March 18th.
To John (Winnipeg Sales Dept.) and Mrs. Sigurdson, a daughter, Beverly Ardell, on April 4th.
Canadian troops storm a beach and “Hold on”. Like our gallant overseas fighters, civilians can serve by “Holding on” to their Victory Bonds which speed Victory, hasten the Post-war world.
HOLD ON! That’s an order given to troops spearheading the Invasion. It’s an order for you too, or a plea, from the boys overseas.
You bought a Bond during the recent Victory Loan Campaign, Well, hold on to it! Retaining your Bonds is a sure way to simplify the task of those who advance under fire.
Here’s why. Your $50.00 BOnd may seem an insignificant part of the $1,200,000,000 objective for the recent Loan, but it isn’t. That $50.00 plays a big part in Victory. It aids Westinghouse Servicemen and thousands of other because it pays for ten anti-tank mines, eight light anti-aircraft shells, one 500-lb. Bomb, a tank periscope, about 1,425 rifle bullets, or 25 hand grenades, among many other invasion requirements.
True, it seems absolutely impossible sometimes to hold on to a Bond when you really need the money. It’s tougher though to stand firm against the enemy when the order is, “HOLD ON.” Especially if you don’t have needed weapons- even the weapons that $50.00 will buy.
For your own sake and that of your family and friends overseas- HOLD ON!
If you have a relative or friend now in the Armed Forces overseas, who formerly worked at Westinghouse, please send his photo to the Editor, K. J. Farthing, Room 415, General Office, for production on this page. All pictures will be returned but be sure to include your address.
Lorne McNichol has been with the Royal Canadian Air Force since enlisting in June, 1941. Before that he was with Westinghouse in A-2.
Doug Blamey P.O. in the Royal Canadian Air Force, Doug is now overseas. Was in E-6 four years prior to enlisting in October, 1941. Likes Air Force.
Don Suthers Sgt. Pilot, R.C.A.F., now back from overseas. In Stores Office four years before enlisting in 1941. His father is in Dept. Q.
Albert Millard in B06 Dept. four years, Al now is an LAC with the Royal Canadian Air Force overseas. He joined up in January, 1943.
George Haslam George was a Westinghouse man for 20 years before joining the R.C.N.V.R. February, 1944. Now an ERA, he was in M-4.
Bill Coulson Gunner, 102nd L.A.A. Battery, 8th Canadian L.A.A. Regt., R.C.A.C.A.O.S. Bill left C-2 Department to enlist in May, 3 years ago.
Leslie May left Westinghouse in October, 1943 to join the R.C.N.V.R. Leslie was in WX toolroom before enlisting and at present is an ERA.
James Cram P.O., R.C.A.F. in Gander Bay, Nfld. James was in the Purchasing Dept. for four years before he enlisted in October, 2 years ago.
C. “Rep” Kerr Now overseas with the Canadian Army, Pte. Clifford (“Re” to you) Kerr was in the Foundry. He enlisted in the Army last year.
George Turner came to Westinghouse in 1929 and after 13 years’ service joined the R.C.O.C. in August 1942. Was in B-7 before he enlisted.
Wilf Day was in Q Department before joining the Canadian Army in November, 1942. Now overseas, Wilf plans to come back
White coveralls from the Cockshutt Aircraft Factory in Brantford. The coveralls have dark red buttons and the Cockshutt Aircraft logo in red embroidery on the back. Tags on collar say "Kitchen's Frontliners" and "Peabody Shrunk."
A rubber and metal tool created by a factory worker while employed at Fleet Aircraft Limited in Fort Erie, Ontario. The hammer is made from spare rubber and a crankshaft from an aircraft.
The head of the hammer is stamped with "DON BOYLE 531"